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PRELIMS FACTS 21-05-2018

FACT # 1


Why in news? Kerala was put on high alert as Nipah Virus (NiV) infection was detected for the first time in the state. Nipah virus:

    • Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly-emerging zoonosis (a disease which can be transmitted to humans from animals) that causes severe disease in both animals and humans.
    • The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.
    • The viruses jump the species barrier and infect a secondary animal host.
    • The transmission takes place through direct contact with infected bats, pigs, or from other NiV-infected people.
    • People have been also cautioned that they should not consume fruits that have fallen on to the ground.
    • NiV infection in humans has a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory syndrome and fatal encephalitis.
    • NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals.
    • Nipah virus primarily causes an encephalitic syndrome with a high mortality rate.
    • The characteristic MRI abnormalities are multiple, small (less than 5 mm), asymmetric focal lesions in the subcortical and deep white matter without surrounding edema.
    • There is no vaccine for either humans or animals.
    • The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care
    • Nipah virus infection can be prevented by avoiding exposure to sick pigs and bats in endemic areas.
    • It is advisable to not drink raw date palm sap and not consume fruits that have fallen from trees.

FACT # 2



Why in news? India has been declared the 6th wealthiest country in the world by this report.

AfrAsia Bank Global Wealth Migration Review 2018:

  • “Total wealth” refers to the private wealth held by all the individuals living in each country.
  • It includes all their assets (property, cash, equities, business interests) less any liabilities.
  • This excludes the government funds.
  • Larger countries have an advantage due to higher populations.
  • India is the sixth wealthiest country in the world with a total wealth of $8,230 billion.
  • The US is the wealthiest country in the world with a total wealth of $62,584 billion.
  • It is followed by China ($24,803 billion) at the second place and Japan ($19,522 billion) at the third place.
  • Other countries in the top 10 wealthiest list includes:
    • the UK $(9,919 billion)
    • Germany ($9,660 billion)
    • India ($8,230 billion)
    • Australia ($6,142 billion)
    • Canada ($6,393 billion)
    • France ($6,649 billion)
    • Italy ($4,276 billion)
  • Factors that help in wealth creation in India include:
    • large number of entrepreneurs
    • good educational system
    • robust outlook for IT
    • business process outsourcing
    • real estate
    • healthcare
    • media sector
  • These factors in future will result in a 200 per cent rise 10 year wealth growth forecast.
  • Globally, the total private wealth held worldwide amounts to around $215 trillion.
  • There are around 15.2 million HNWIs in the world, each with net assets of $1 million or more.
  • There are about 584,000 multi-millionaires in the world, each with net assets of $10 million or more.
  • There are 2,252 billionaires in the world, each with net assets of $1 billion or more.

FACT # 3



Why in news? Government has called for the speedy implementation of the Yamuna Riverfront Development project to make the river accessible to the people of Delhi.

Project Asita:

  • The project Asita, which is another name of the Yamuna river, aims to restore, revive and rejuvenate its flood plains and make them accessible to the people of Delhi.
  • ‘Riverfront walks’ is a major component of the project.
  • It will enable people to develop a relationship with the Yamuna.
  • A special focus of the project is on reviving the river’s bio-diversity in the national capital.
  • The project envisages creating a green buffer area of approximately 300 metres wide, along the river edge with species of riverine ecology.
  • A wide belt of 150 metres, along the peripheral roads, will be developed as greenways for public amenities.
  • It will also include a continuous trail of pathways and cycle tracks.
  • To revive the ecosystem of the flood plains, wetlands will be created to store the flood waters and also to improve groundwater recharge.
  • This will eventually result in flourishing of bio-diversity in the flood plains.
  • An environmentally conscious approach for integration of the river into the urban fabric of the city will be adopted.
  • A people-friendly bio-diversity zone will be created, for people to interact freely with the river’s ecosystem.

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