Why in news? The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has set up a central oversight body (COB) recently.
Central oversight body (COB):
Central oversight body (COB) has been set up under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
It is made to ensure use of videography at crime scenes and video-recording of statements of witnesses in an effort to prevent botch-up at the crime scene and hostile witnesses, particularly in high-profile cases.
The COB will be headed by Rina Mitra, Special Secretary (Internal Security) at MHA.
Tampering of evidence at the crime scene in cases such as Jessica Lall murder, Aarushi-Hemraj double murder and the recent murder of a boy from Gurgaon’s Ryan International School, among others, resulted in either acquittal or framing of innocent people.
States will introduce digital cameras and establish secured portals, and investigation officers can email photographs taken at the crime scene to these portals.
To give authenticity and prevent manipulation, digital images can be retained on state’s server as permanent record.
The state server can re-mail the digital files back to the police station for further use.
Smartphones will be used until this is done.
The MHA has also suggested that the states set up an oversight mechanism, an independent committee to study CCTV footage installed to check human rights abuse at police stations.
FACT # 2
PARCEL CARGO EXPRESS TRAIN (PCET)
Why in news? Parcel Cargo Express Train (PCET) begins operation, connecting northeast to the West Coast
Parcel Cargo Express Train (PCET):
Northeast Frontier Railway has started operating one lease Parcel Cargo Express Train (PCET) on fortnightly basis.
It connects Northeastern part of the country to the West Coast.
The route of this Parcel Cargo Express Train lease is : New Guwahati in Assam to Kalyan in Maharashtra with stoppages at New Jalpaiguri, Kalumna Goods Shed.
This move would enable farmers to market their products like tea, betal nuts, pineapple, jute, horticulture products, cane furniture etc. at the retail markets in Mumbai, Bengaluru, Nagpur, Pune etc.
This initiative will not only promote industries of the region particularly but will also provide sustainable job opportunity to the local youths including unskilled labour.
Parcel Cargo Express Train has emerged as a business tool and this has been done without any additional strain on the resources of the railways.
These leased PCETs will also generate substantial revenue to the Indian Railways in their contractual periods of 6 years each.
The Unit transportation cost through PCET will be relatively less than the cost of road transportation.
So, the transporters as well as ultimate consumers will be benefited on account of less transportation cost.
A single PCET can carry consignment equivalent to 52 nos. of trucks.
This will ensure less Carbon Emission which will contribute for Green India & saving of foreign exchange on account of purchasing of fuel.
Several other zonal Railways have also taken initiatives to lease out Parcel Cargo Express Train (PCETs) on round trip.
FACT # 3
PAKUL DUM DAM
Why in news? Pakal Dul hydro power project to provide 12 pc free power to Jammu & Kashmir.
Pakul dum dam:
The Pakal Dul Dam is a proposed concrete-face rock-fill dam on the Marusadar River, a tributary of the Chenab River, in Kishtwar district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation.
It will divert water to the south through a 10 km (6.2 mi) long headrace tunnel and into power station on the reservoir of the Dul Hasti Dam, on the Chenab.
In February 2014, the project was awarded to a consortium of domestic and foreign countries.
It includes Patel Engineering, Bharat Heavy Electricals and Turkey’s Limak Holding.
Pakistan, who relies on the Chenab downstream, views the dam as a violation of the Indus Water Treaty, whereas India states it is as per Treaty Provisions.
The 1,000 megawatt Pakal Dul hydroelectric power project will be completed in 66 months.
It will provide 12 per cent free power to the state.
It will not only be the largest hydroelectric power project in the state but also the first storage unit.
The project is expected to generate employment for 3,000 persons during construction phase and to 500 persons during operation stage.
The government of J&K shall be getting 12 per cent free power after 10 years of commissioning of the project and water usage charges as applicable.
Additional 1 per cent free power will go towards Local Area Development Fund (LADF).
Also, the state will have first right to purchase balance power.
Also, the 330 megawatt Kishanganga hydroelectric power project in Jammu and Kashmir will provide 13 per cent free power to the state besides creating employment opportunity.
The project on the river Kishanganga, a tributary of Jhelum, is estimated to generate 1,712.95 million units of