Why in news? The Government has recently created Directorate General of Trade Remedies.
Directorate General of Trade Remedies:
DGTR will be created in Department of Commerce by an amendment to the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961.
DGTR will be the apex National Authority for administering all trade remedial measures including anti-dumping, countervailing duties and safeguard measures.
The DGTR will bring Directorate General of Anti-dumping and Allied duties (DGAD), Directorate General of Safeguards (DGS) and Safeguards (QR) functions of DGFT into its fold by merging them into one single national entity.
It will also provide trade defence support to our domestic industry and exporters in dealing with increasing instances of trade remedy investigations instituted against them by other countries.
In the last three years, India initiated more than 130 anti-dumping/countervailing duty/safeguard cases to deal with the rising incidences of unfair trade practices and to provide a level playing field to the domestic industry.
DGTR will be a multi service organization drawing upon the skill-set of various officers from the field of International Trade, Customs, Revenue, Finance, Economics, Costing and Law.
FACT # 2
ESSENTIAL DIAGNOSTICS LIST (EDL)
Why in news? The World Health Organization (WHO) has published its first essential diagnostics list (EDL).
Essential diagnostics list (EDL):
The World Health Organization (WHO) has published its first essential diagnostics list (EDL).
It is a catalogue of the 113 most critical categories of diagnostics for common and priority diseases.
Of the 113 types of diagnostics selected for the list, 58 are intended to diagnose a wide range of common conditions, both communicable and noncommunicable.
The remaining 55 diagnostics are intended to diagnose or monitor priority diseases.
The list itself provides information about each test category, including the tests’ intended use, format, and the appropriate setting the test is suited for.
The list also includes information on applicable WHO guidelines for the various types of diagnostics and notes whether there are WHO prequalified products available within a particular category.
It will serve as a tool that can be useful to all countries, to test and treat better and also to use health funds more efficiently by concentrating on the truly essential tests.
The list is similar to WHO’s essential medicines list (EML).
EML has been updated every two years since 1977 and is used as a reference by health authorities around the world to guide procurement decisions for critical drugs.
WHO will update the EDL on an annual basis.
Updation will be based on input from its expert group and will expand significantly.
It will do so with the inclusion of diagnostics for other focus areas, such as:
neglected tropical diseases
FACT # 3
Why in news? An advisory was issued to Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and the Lakshadweep over cyclonic storm ‘Sagar’ by IMD.
The India Meteorological Department recently issued an advisory to the following over cyclonic storm ‘Sagar’.
This cyclonic storm lay centered over the Gulf of Aden, about 390 km east-northeast of Yemen’s Aden city and 560 km west-northwest of Socotra Islands.
Fishermen were advised not to venture into Gulf of Aden and adjoining areas of west central and southwest Arabian Sea during the next 48 hours.
Sagar is the name given by India, which is part of cyclone name list for the Northern Indian Ocean.