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PRELIMS FACTS 18-05-2018

FACT # 1

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF TRADE REMEDIES

Why in news? The Government has recently created Directorate General of Trade Remedies.

Directorate General of Trade Remedies:

  • DGTR will be created in Department of Commerce by an amendment to the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961.
  • DGTR will be the apex National Authority for administering all trade remedial measures including anti-dumping, countervailing duties and safeguard measures.
  • The DGTR will bring Directorate General of Anti-dumping and Allied duties (DGAD), Directorate General of Safeguards (DGS) and Safeguards (QR) functions of DGFT into its fold by merging them into one single national entity.
  • It will also provide trade defence support to our domestic industry and exporters in dealing with increasing instances of trade remedy investigations instituted against them by other countries.
  • In the last three years, India initiated more than 130 anti-dumping/countervailing duty/safeguard cases to deal with the rising incidences of unfair trade practices and to provide a level playing field to the domestic industry.
  • DGTR will be a multi service organization drawing upon the skill-set of various officers from the field of International Trade, Customs, Revenue, Finance, Economics, Costing and Law.

FACT # 2

ESSENTIAL DIAGNOSTICS LIST (EDL)

Why in news? The World Health Organization (WHO) has published its first essential diagnostics list (EDL).

Essential diagnostics list (EDL):

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has published its first essential diagnostics list (EDL).
  • It is a catalogue of the 113 most critical categories of diagnostics for common and priority diseases.
  • Of the 113 types of diagnostics selected for the list, 58 are intended to diagnose a wide range of common conditions, both communicable and noncommunicable.
  • The remaining 55 diagnostics are intended to diagnose or monitor priority diseases.
  • The list itself provides information about each test category, including the tests’ intended use, format, and the appropriate setting the test is suited for.
  • The list also includes information on applicable WHO guidelines for the various types of diagnostics and notes whether there are WHO prequalified products available within a particular category.
  • It will serve as a tool that can be useful to all countries, to test and treat better and also to use health funds more efficiently by concentrating on the truly essential tests.
  • The list is similar to WHO’s essential medicines list (EML).
  • EML has been updated every two years since 1977 and is used as a reference by health authorities around the world to guide procurement decisions for critical drugs.
  • WHO will update the EDL on an annual basis.
  • Updation will be based on input from its expert group and will expand significantly.
  • It will do so with the inclusion of diagnostics for other focus areas, such as:
    • antimicrobial resistance
    • emerging pathogens
    • neglected tropical diseases

FACT # 3

CYCLONE SAGAR

Why in news? An advisory was issued to Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and the Lakshadweep over cyclonic storm ‘Sagar’ by IMD.

Cyclone SAGAR:

  • The India Meteorological Department recently issued an advisory to the following over cyclonic storm ‘Sagar’.
    • Tamil Nadu
    • Kerala
    • Karnataka
    • Goa
    • Maharashtra
    • Lakshadweep archipelago
  • This cyclonic storm lay centered over the Gulf of Aden, about 390 km east-northeast of Yemen’s Aden city and 560 km west-northwest of Socotra Islands.
  • Fishermen were advised not to venture into Gulf of Aden and adjoining areas of west central and southwest Arabian Sea during the next 48 hours.
  • Sagar is the name given by India, which is part of cyclone name list for the Northern Indian Ocean.

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