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PRELIMS FACTS 15-06-2018

FACT # 1

Composite Water Management Index (CWMI)


Why in news? Latest report on Composite Water Management Index 2018 has been released by the centre with individual state rankings.


Composite Water Management Index (CWMI):

  • CWMI has been developed by NITI Aayog.
  • The CWMI is an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/ Union Territories in efficient management of water resources.
  • This has been done through a first of its kind water data collection exercise in partnership with Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation and all the States/ Union Territories.
  • The index would provide useful information for the States and also for the concerned Central Ministries/Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.
  • NITI Aayog proposes to publish these ranks on an annual basis in future.
  • Simultaneously a web portal on the subject has also been launched.
  • It comprises 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators covering various aspects of:
    • ground water
    • restoration of water bodies
    • irrigation
    • farm practices
    • drinking water
    • policy and governance
  • For the purposes of analysis, the reporting states were divided into two special groups to account for the different hydrological conditions across these groups:
    • North Eastern and Himalayan states
    • Other States

Latest report on Composite Water Management Index 2018:

  • The report ranks Gujarat as number one in the reference year (2016-17), followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
  • In North Eastern and Himalayan States, Tripura has been adjudged number 1 in 2016-17 followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.
  • In terms of incremental change in index (over 2015-16 level), Rajasthan holds number one position.
  • In general States and Tripura ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.

FACT # 2

Swajal Scheme


Why in news? Swajal scheme has been launched in 115 Aspirational Districts of India.


Swajal Scheme:

  • Swajal is community owned drinking water programme for sustained drinking water supply.
  • The scheme aims at ensuring availability of clean drinking water to every household round year and also generate employment.
  • Under it, 90% of the project cost is borne by Government and remaining 10% cost is contributed by the community.
  • The Operations and management of the project will be taken care by the local villagers.
  • Project undertaken under it will ease lives of people and ensure that potable water is available for every individual round the year.
  • Union Ministry for Drinking Water and Sanitation has announced the implementation of Swajal scheme in 115 aspirational districts of the country.
  • The scheme will aim to provide villages with piped water supply powered by solar energy.
  • The scheme will train hundreds of rural technicians for operation and maintenance of Swajal units.

FACT # 3

Naya Raipur


Why in news? PM Modi has recently inaugurated 10th smart city centre in Naya Raipur.


Naya Raipur:

  • Naya Raipur is one of the three Smart Cities of Chhattisgarh selected under the Smart Cities Mission.
  • The other two cities are Raipur and Bilaspur.
  • Naya Raipur is being envisioned as a service hub across multiple sectors including information technology, biotechnology, finance, trade, hospitality, medical and education.
  • Naya Raipur is also the first digitally accessible smart city in the country which has pioneered in implementing Universal Access IT systems which would include and empower citizens with a disability to access with ease.

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