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PRELIMS FACTS 08-05-2018

FACT # 1


Why in news? India would be hosting the 15th Asia Media Summit (AMS-2018) in New Delhi from May 10-12, 2018.

15th Asia Media Summit (AMS-2018):

  • The annual summit will be organised by Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) in collaboration with its partners and international organisations.
  • Summit’s theme is“Telling our Stories Asia and More”.
  • The summit mainly aims to provide a unique opportunity to the broadcasters in Asia to share their thoughts on broadcasting and information.
  • The summit is expected to see in attendance media professionals, scholars, policy makers and stakeholders of news and programming from Asia, Pacific, Africa, Europe, Middle East and North America.
  • The event would include storytelling sessions, discussion on media regulation policies, cultural visits and stories of sustainable development.

    Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD):

  • The Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development (AIBD) was established in 1977.
  • It is a unique regional inter-governmental organisation servicing countries of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP) in the field of electronic media development.
  • It is hosted by the Government of Malaysia and the secretariat is located in Kuala Lumpur.
  • The AIBD is mandated to achieve a vibrant and cohesive electronic media environment in the Asia-Pacific region through policy and resource development.
  • The Institute seeks to fulfill this mandate by mobilizing the intellectual and technological resources available within the national broadcasting organizations of its member countries as well as regional and international bodies.
  • It works through a well-established infrastructure and networking mechanism that includes government agencies, non-governmental organizations, institutions of higher learning, private sector and individual professionals.

FACT # 2


Why in news? A team from the Tohoku University in Japan has found the mineral, called moganite, in a lunar meteorite discovered in a desert in northwest Africa.


  • A team from the Tohoku University in Japan has found a mineral called moganite.
  • They have found it in a lunar meteorite discovered in a desert in northwest Africa.
  • Moganite is a crystal of silicon dioxide and is known to form on Earth in specific circumstances in sedimentary settings from alkaline fluids.
  • It has never before been detected in samples of lunar rock.
  • Researchers believe the mineral formed on the surface of the Moon in the area called Procellarum Terrane, as water originally present in lunar dirt evaporated due to exposure to strong sunlight.
  • Scientists are pointing to the presence of hidden reserves of water ice under the surface of the Moon could be potentially useful for future human exploration.
  • In a moganite there is less water because moganite forms from the evaporation of water.
  • Unlike the surface of the Moon, in the subsurface, much water remains as ice, because it’s protected from the sunlight.
  • Previous evidences:
    • Nasa’s Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite detected a shadowed crater near the Moon’s south pole.
    • India’s probe Chandrayaan-1 recorded evidence of water in the thin atmosphere above the Moon’s surface.
    • However, there has been no evidence so far of the presence of water in the subsurface at mid and lower latitudes.
  • The researchers estimate that the water content in the lunar soil under the surface could be up to 0.6%.
  • In this case future Moon explorers could theoretically extract about 1.6 gallons of water per 36 cubic feet of lunar rock.
  • It would also be enough for future astronauts and people that could perhaps live on the Moon in the future to extract enough water to cover their needs.


FACT # 3


Why in news? India’s Jaipur foot is to be exhibited at United Nations headquarters in New York from May 15 to 18.

The Jaipur Foot:

  • The Jaipur Foot, also known as the Jaipur Leg, is a rubber-based prosthetic legfor people with below-knee amputations.
  • Although inferior in many ways to the composite carbon fibre variants, its variable applicability and cost efficiency make it an acceptable choice for prosthesis.
  • Ram Chandra Sharma designed and developed it in 1968.
  • Designed in and named after Jaipur, India, the prosthetic leg was designed to be inexpensive, water-resistant, and quick to fit and manufacture.
  • The Jaipur Foot is made of polyurethane, which at the time was the new material used in the production of the prostheses.
  • The material increases the durability and the convenience of use.
  • Now the government of India supports Bhagwan Mahavir Viklang Sahyata Samiti with financial aid to carry out the work done by the organization.
  • The Jaipur Foot has helped many people to overcome their leg disability.
  • It is fitted free of cost by Bhagwan Mahavir Viklang Sahyata Samiti, founded by Devendra Raj Mehta.
  • Its manufacturing cost is approximately 3000 rupees.
  • The features of Jaipur foot help a physically-challenged person assimilate more easily in a semi-urban or rural setup in the Indian subcontinent and other developing countries.


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