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PRELIMS FACTS 07-07-2018

FACT # 1

Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System

 

Why in news? Union Ministry has launched the Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS) and Mobile Application ‘Khan Prahari’ developed by CMPDI.

 

Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System:

  • The basic objective of CMSMS is reporting, monitoring and taking suitable action on unauthorised coal mining activities.
  • The CMSMS is a web based GIS application through which location of sites for unauthorised mining can be detected.
  • The basic platform used in the system is of Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology’s (MeiTY) map which provides village level information.
  • The leasehold boundary of all the coal mines are displayed on this map.
  • The system will use satellite data to detect changes by which unauthorised mining activity extending beyond the allotted lease area can be detected and suitable action can be taken on it.
  • It is the working of the concept of ‘cooperative federalism’ in action.
  • The complaint originating from coal mines allotted to Coal India will go to Coal India Offices and those originating from coal blocks not allotted to Coal India will go straight to the State Government Officers and for each complaint the alert will also go to the District Magistrate and SP of the district.
  • The system also uses information provided by responsible citizens using smartphones using the mobile application “Khan Prahari’.
  • The CMSMS will also provide other important information like reclamation work being done by Coal India Limited which is being monitored every year by CMPDI using satellite data.
  • Status of Environmental Clearances /Forest Clearances etc. are also linked for information in this system.

 

Khan Prahari:

  • Khan Prahari is a tool for reporting any activity taking place related to illegal coal mining like rat hole mining, pilferage etc.
  • One can upload geo-tagged photographs of the incident along with textual information directly to the system.
  • Hence, both satellite data and human information will be used to capture information on the unauthorised mining activities.
  • Once reported, the information will be automatically directed to the nodal officers to take suitable action on those activities.
  • The complainant can also track his complaint through the system.
  • The identity of the complainant shall not be revealed.
  • This app can easily be downloaded in Android and IOS.
  • The uniqueness of the system is that it uses satellite data as well as public input to capture information on unauthorised coal mining activities and also take appropriate action on them with due transparency

FACT # 2

Design University For Gaming

 

Why in news? The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) will set up ‘Design University for Gaming’ in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.

 

Design University for Gaming:

  • UNESCO has entered into an agreement with Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board (APEDB) for the establishment of ‘Gaming Digital Learning Hub’.
  • They will develop edutech gaming in the state, with the target of providing 50,000 jobs in 10 years.
  • Gaming Technology will be the best source of income in future and IT giants like UBSoft, Samsung, Microsoft, etc are ready to establish their centres in Visakhapatnam.

 

UNESCO:

FACT # 3

Recovery Programme For Critically Endangered Species

Why in news? Four species have been included in the Centre’s Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species by the Standing Committee of the National Board of Wildlife (NBWL).


Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species:

  • The centre’s recovery programme charts out species-specific plan to salvage the animals’ numbers.
  • The programme, which previously covered 17 species across the country, includes legal sanction against hunting, financial assistance to states to protect the species, creation of sanctuaries, and even the CBI’s assistance in prosecuting the poachers.
  • Four species have been added in the Centre’s Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species which are:
    • Northern River Terrapin (Batagur baska):
      • Norther River Terrapin is a species of riverine turtle found in the rivers that flow in Eastern India.
      • It is hunted for its meat and carapace.
      • It is a native of Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia and Malaysia.
    • Clouded Leopard:
      • Clouded Leopard is found in the Himalayan foothills.
      • It is threatened due to habitat loss, poaching for its skin and is also as a live pet trade.
      • “The IUCN has categorized the species as ‘Vulnerable’ and indicates a ‘declining trend in its population.
    • Arabian Sea Humpback Whale:
      • Arabian Sea Humpback Whale is a species found in all of major oceans but ship strikes, unforgiving fishing gear and siesmic exploarations pose grave threat to it.
      • International studies on the whales have indicated that the species migrates from the Oman coast through the Arabian sea, along the Indian coasts till the Sri Lankan coast.
    • Red Panda:
      • Red Panda which is closely associated with montane forests with dense bamboo-thicket, is found Sikkim, West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh.
      • It is poached for its meat, and for use in medicines, and as a pet.
      • The IUCN has categorized Red Panda as ‘Endangered’ and as per their Red List assessment of 2015, the population of the species is ‘decreasing,”.
    • At present, the following species fall under the recovery programme:
      • Snow Leopard
      • Bustard (including Floricans)
      • Dolphin, Hangul
      • Nilgiri Tahr
      • Marine Turtles
      • Dugongs
      • Edible Nest Swiftlet
      • Asian Wild Buffalo
      • Nicobar Megapode
      • Manipur Brow-antlered Deer
      • Vultures
      • Malabar Civet
      • Indian Rhinoceros
      • Asiatic Lion
      • Swamp Deer
      • Jerdon’s Courser

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