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PRELIMS FACTS 05-06-2018

FACT # 1

Janaushadhi Suvidha


Why in news? The Government has launched ‘JANAUSHADHI SUVIDHA’ for availability of Oxo-biodegradable sanitary napkins under the Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).


National Family Health Survey 2015-16:

  • About 58 percent of women aged between 15 to 24 years use locally prepared napkins, sanitary napkins and tampons.
  • About 78 percent women in urban areas use hygienic methods of protection during menstrual period only 48 percent women in rural areas have access to clean sanitary napkins.


Janaushadhi Suvidha:

  • Under this scheme the affordable sanitary napkins will now be available at over 3600 Janaushadhi Kendras functional in 33 States/UTs across India.
  • These sanitary napkins will cost just Rs. 2.50 per pad.
  • Jan Aushadhi Suvidha comes with a special additive which makes it biodegradable when it comes in contact with oxygen after being discarded.
  • This would ensure ‘Swachhta, Swasthya and Suvidha’ for the underprivileged Women of India.
  • The scheme helps in making the basic hygiene requirement aid for Women affordable for the underprivileged sections.
  • This is important in ensuring the Health Security of Women who use unhygienic aids during menstrual period due to non-affordability of sanitary napkins available in the market.
  • Such unhygienic aids cause fungal infections, Reproductive Tract Infection, Urinary Tract Infection, Cervical cancer and also make women vulnerable to infertility.

FACT # 2

Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme, 2018


Why in news? New Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme, 2018 has been recently launched by the Income Tax Department.


Benami transactions informants reward scheme, 2018:

  • In many cases black money is invested in properties in the names of others, even though benefits are enjoyed by the investor concealing his beneficial ownership in his tax returns.
  • The Government had earlier amended Benami Property Transactions Act, 1988, by Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016 to make the law stronger.
  • A new reward scheme titled “Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme, 2018” has been issued by the Income Tax Department.
  • It aims to obtain people’s participation in the Income Tax Department’s efforts to unearth black money and to reduce tax evasion.
  • It encourages people to give information about benami transactions and properties as well as income earned on such properties by such hidden investors and beneficial owners.
  • Under this Scheme,a person can get reward up to Rs. One crore for giving specific information in prescribed manner to the Joint or Additional Commissioners of Benami Prohibition Units (BPUs) in Investigation Directorates of Income Tax Department.
  • The information can be about benami transactions and properties as well as proceeds from such properties which are actionable under Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016.
  • Foreigners will also be eligible for such reward.
  • Identity of the persons giving information will not be disclosed and strict confidentiality shall be maintained.

FACT # 3

Article 35A

Why in news? The Centre has decided not to file any “counter-affidavit” on Article 35A, which has been challenged in the Supreme Court through a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition.

Article 35A:

  • Article 35A was incorporated into the Constitution by an order of the then President Rajendra Prasad on the advice of the Jawaharlal Nehru Cabinet in 1954.
  • Article 35Aof the Indian Constitution is an article that empowers the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to those permanent residents.
    • The article defines the classes of persons who are, or shall be, permanent residents of the State of Jammu and Kashmir; or
    • conferring on such permanent residents any special rights and privileges or imposing upon other persons any restrictions as respects—
      • employment under the State Government
      • acquisition of immovable property in the State
      • settlement in the State
      • right to scholarships and such other forms of aid as the State Government may provide

PIL against Article 35A:

  • The petition was filed by ‘We The Citizens’.
  • It said Article 35A is against the “very spirit of oneness of India” as it creates a “class within a class of Indian citizens.”
  • A second petition was filed by Jammu and Kashmir resident Charu Wali Khanna, challenged Article 35A for protecting certain provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution, which restrict the basic right to property if a native woman marries a man not holding a permanent resident certificate.

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