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PRELIMS FACTS 02-06-2018

FACT # 1

Cauvery Water Management Authority

Why in news? The Union government has issued a notification for the setup of ‘Cauvery Water Management Authority (CWMA)’.

Cauvery Water Management Authority:

  • The authority will decide the sharing of the river water among the States/UT of:
    • Karnataka
    • Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu
    • Puducherry
  • The authority’s mandate will be to monitor the storage, apportion shares, supervise operation of reservoirs and regulate water releases with the assistance of the Regulation Committee.
  • It will regulate water release by Karnataka at the Biligundulu gauge and discharge station.
  • The CWMA will determine the total residual storage in the specified reservoirs on June 1 every year.
  • The share of each State will be determined on the basis of the flows together with the available carry-over storage in the reservoirs.
  • The withdrawals will be allowed on the basis of the share worked out for each State.
  • If the Authority finds that any Government of the party States do not cooperate in implementing the decision or direction of the Tribunal, it can seek the help of the Central Government for implementation of the Award of the Tribunal.
  • Composition and tenure:
  • Chairman:
    • The chairman of the authority will be appointed by the Central government for a tenure of five years.
    • He has to be a senior and eminent engineer with wide experience in water resource management or an IAS office in the rank of secretary or additional secretary.
  • Part-time members:
    • Two members will be representatives of the Central Government of the rank of Joint Secretary to be nominated by:
      • The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
      • The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare
    • Four part-time members from party States who will be administrative secretaries in charge of Water Resource Departments.
      • These shall be nominated by the three State governments and Union territory administration respectively.

FACT # 2

Ensemble Prediction Systems

Why in news? IMD has launched systems for probabilistic weather forecasting known as Ensemble Prediction Systems (EPS).

Ensemble Prediction Systems:

  • The India Met Department (IMD) has launched two “very high resolution” Ensemble Prediction Systems.
  • These are to generate ten-day probabilistic weather forecasts.
  • The new systems in place can provide rainfall forecasts with probabilities allowing better lead time to prepare for extreme weather events.
  • These systems also use a higher resolution 12 km grid scale, instead of the 23 km resolution that has been in use.
  • These systems will improve upon the existing deterministic forecasts that are prone to high margins of errors.
  • The new system will tell us the probability of rainfall according to its intensity and volume.
  • This will be colour coded for ease of interpretation.
  • These systems will also help disaster management authorities in making better emergency response decisions.
  • But these particular systems are specifically for rainfall, though it can be tweaked to provide similar forecasts for thunderstorms, cold waves and weather events.
  • Also, this model will not specifically be helpful in providing the exact nature and intensity of thunderstorms

FACT # 3

Seva Bhoj Yojana

Why in news? The Indian Government has introduced a new scheme called ‘Seva Bhoj Yojna’.

Seva Bhoj Yojana:

  • The Ministry of Culture has introduced a new scheme namely ‘Seva Bhoj Yojna’.
  • The scheme envisages to reimburse the Central Government share of Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) and Integrated Goods and Service Tax (IGST) to lessen the financial burden of such Charitable Religious Institutions who provide Food/Prasad/Langar (Community Kitchen)/Bhandara free of cost without any discrimination to Public/Devotees.
  • The eligibility criteria is as follows:
    • The Charitable Religious Institutions such as Temples, Gurudwara, Mosque, Church, Dharmik Ashram, Dargah, Matth, Monasteries etc. which have been in existence for at least five years before applying for financial assistance/grant.
    • Who serve free food to at least 5000 people in a month
    • Such institutions covered under the Income Tax Act or registered as Society under Societies Registration Act or as a Public Trust under any law for the time being shall be eligible for grant under the scheme.
  • Ministry of Culture will register the eligible charitable religious institutions for a time period ending with finance commission period.
  • And subsequently the registration may be renewed by the Ministry subject to the performance evaluation of the institutions.

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