Why in news? The state of Andhra Pradesh has recently declared its new state symbols.
State symbols: Andhra Pradesh:
Andhra Pradesh government has declared new state symbols to replace the ones held by Telangana after it was created.
The new state of Telangana was created from Andhra Pradesh in June 2014.
The government has envisioned AP as a State which is green and eco-friendly with beautiful landscaping, to make people happy and cheerful.
While Hyderabad is the shared state capital for both states presently, Andhra Pradesh plans to make Amravati its future capital.
Andhra has chosen its new state bird and flower but it has retained black buck as its state animal and the neem tree as the state tree.
The Indian roller and blue water-lilly were state bird and flower of Andhra Pradesh earlier.
The rose-ringed parrot has been chosen as the new state bird.
Rose-ringed parrot is declared as the State bird for its beauty and cheerfulness.
Jasmine is declared as the State flower of Andhra Pradesh.
It has been done as the purity of its fragrance symbolises the State’s vision to spread positivity and knowledge among its people and in the nation.
Black buck has been retained as the state animal of Andhra Pradesh.
It is known for its quickness and ability to take charge in uncertain situations and rise victorious which is symbolic of AP and its people.
Neem is declared as the State tree.
Known for nourishing those around it with clean air, Neem tree symbolises the State’s genuine & transparent relations with its people.
State symbols of Telangana:
State bird: Indian Roller
State flower: Tangedu
State animal: Jinka or spotted deer
State tree: Jammi Chettu
FACT # 2
Why in news? United States has renamed its oldest and largest stragically important military command US Pacific Command (PACOM) to Indo-Pacific Command.
The U.S. has renamed its strategically important Pacific Command (PACOM) as the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command.
It has been done as a public expression of America’s keenness to count India as key partner in its strategic planning.
The Trump administration has already been using the term Indo-Pacific instead of Asia-Pacific in official documents.
As per US, the Indo-Pacific Command is critical for a region open to investment and free, fair and reciprocal trade.
It is not bound by any nation’s predatory economics or threat of coercion, for the Indo-Pacific has many belts and many roads.
America continues to invest vigorously in Indo-Pacific stability.
FACT # 3
Why in news? There has been huge progress in the ‘Mission Raftaar’ which aims to increasing speed of trains in Indian Railways.
The mission envisages a target of doubling of average speed of freight trains and increasing the average speed of all non-suburban passenger trains by 25 kmph in the next 5 years.
Recently, Principal routes have been identified by the government for raising of speed under Mission Raftaar.
These are six routes on Golden Quadrilateral and diagonals namely:
Delhi – Mumbai
Delhi – Howrah
Chennai – Mumbai
Delhi – Chennai
Howrah – Mumbai
These six routes carry 58% of freight traffic and 52% of coaching traffic with a share of only 16% of the network.
Golden Quadrilaterals and its Diagonal routes have been prioritized for replacement of loco hauled short distance passenger trains by MEMUs/DEMUs having better acceleration and deceleration characteristics for fast pickup and braking.