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Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana – PMSSY

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana – PMSSY

Why in news?

  • Setting up of 22 new regional AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) has been approved under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) so far.

About Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)

  • PMSSY was announced in 2003 with objectives of correcting regional imbalances in the availability of affordable/ reliable tertiary healthcare services and also to augment facilities for quality medical education in the country.
  • The PMSSY is implemented by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The project cost for upgradation of each medical college institution is shared by the Centre and the state.

Components of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)

  • Setting up of AIIMS like Institutions
  • Each New AIIMS to add:-
    • State of the art Modular OTs and diagnostics facilities.
    • 15-20 super specialty departments.
    • 750 Beds.
    • 100 UG (MBBS) seats.
    • 60 B.Sc. (Nursing ) seats.
    • Focus on PG education and Research.
  • Total 22 new AIIMS have been announced so far under this component:-
    • 6 AIIMS are already functional.
    • 16 more AIIMS are approved by the Cabinet.
    • Upgradation of Government Medical College(GMC)/ Institutions.
  • Each up-gradation project would be adding :-
    • 8-10 Super Speciality Departments.
    • Around 15 new PG seats.
    • 150-250 beds
  • 75 Projects have been considered under this component under different phases:-
    • Phase I & II: 19 GMCs
    • Phase lll : 39 GMCs
    • Phase lV : 13 GMCs
    • Phase V(A) : 2 GMCs
    • Phase V(B): 2 GMCs

Other Initiatives Related to Healthcare Sector

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN)

  • A single non-lapsable reserve fund for Health from the proceeds of Health and Education Cess.

PM Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Scheme

  • Announced in the Union Budget 2021-22.
  • Aims to develop capacities of primary, secondary, and tertiary care health systems even in the last miles of the nation, and developing a modern ecosystem for research, testing and treatment in the country itself.

Integrated Diseases Surveillance Program (IDSP)

  • It seeks to set up a Central Disease Surveillance Unit and a State Surveillance Unit in each State where data is collected and analyzed
  • An early warning system has been put into place in order to take timely preventive steps.
  • Under IDSP data is collected on epidemic prone diseases on weekly basis.
  • Whenever there is a rising trend of illnesses in any area, it is investigated by the Rapid Response Teams (RRT) to diagnose and control the outbreak.
  • The program covers both communicable as well as non-communicable diseases and there is focus on inter sectoral co-ordination for zoonotic diseases.
  • IDSP as a segment of IHIP (Integrated Health Information Platform) intends to receive person-level data from health facilities across all States and Union Territories on all health events.

National Digital Health Mission (NDHM)

  • The NDHM is a complete digital health ecosystem with four key features — health ID, personal health records, Digi Doctor and health facility registry.

Ayushman Bharat (a two-pronged approach)

  • Creation of health and wellness centres to bring health care closer to homes.
  • The formulation of a Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) to protect poor and vulnerable families against financial risk arising out of catastrophic health episodes.

National Health Policy (NHP) 2017

  • Aims to provide healthcare in an “assured manner” to all, the NHP 2017 strives to address current and emerging challenges arising from the ever-changing socio-economic, technological and epidemiological scenarios.

Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK)

  • Launched in 2013 under the National Health Mission (NHM), RBSK is focused on preventing disease and disability in children.
  • This initiative is aimed at screening children from 0 to 18 years for 4Ds – Defects at birth, Diseases, Deficiencies and Development Delays including Disabilities.
  • Children diagnosed with illnesses shall receive follow up including surgeries at tertiary level, free of cost under NHM.          Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana – PMSSY

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyaan

  • The national programme aims to provide pregnant ladies free ante-natal services (ANC) and required treatment for free on 9th of every month.
  • Objectives of the scheme are
    • Provide healthy life to the pregnant women.
    • Lowering the maternity mortality rate.
    • Making pregnant women aware of their health issues and diseases.
    • Making sure safe delivery and healthy life of the baby.
  • The scheme is applicable only for the pregnant women in their pregnancy period of 3 to 6 months.
  • It will provide all kinds of medical check-ups completely free to pregnant women.
  • These check-ups will take place at the medical centres, government and private hospitals and private clinics across the country.
  • These free of cost tests will include blood pressure, sugar level, weight, haemoglobin test, blood test and screening.
  • Women will be marked differently using different colour stickers based on their health problems so that doctors can easily detect the problem.
  • Different colour stickers will be Red Sticker for Serious patients, Blue Sticker for High blood pressure and Yellow Sticker for Other diseases.        Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana – PMSSY

National Health Mission (NHM)

  • The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched by the Prime Minister on 12th April 2005, to provide accessible, affordable and quality health care to the rural population, especially the vulnerable groups.
  • A special focus has been given to the Empowered Action Group (EAG) States. The States of North-East, J&K and Himachal Pradesh are also considered.
  • This is to ensure that the necessary attention is delivered wherever needed.
  • The essence of NRHM is a health delivery system that functions independently, is community-owned and decentralized. The mission also aims to deliver a constant support to those who contribute to the social determinants of health. Basic objectives to implement NRHM are:
    • Reduction in infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate
    • Prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases
    • Ensuring population stabilization
    • Upgrading AYUSH(Ayurvedic Yoga Unani Siddh and Homoeopath) for promotion of a healthy lifestyle.

 

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