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Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

Why in news?

  • The Union Cabinet has approved the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN)
  • It is a single non-lapsable reserve fund for Health from the profits of Health and Education Cess.
  • In the 2018 Budget, the Central government announced replacement of existing 3% Education Cess by 4% Health and Education Cass.

About Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN) 

  • The Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi is a non-lapsable reserve fund for Health in the Public Account.
  • The earnings from the share of health in the Health and Education Cess will be credited into PMSSN.
  • Additions into the PMSSN will be utilized for the flagship schemes of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare namely,
    • Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs).
    • Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY).
    • National Health Mission.
    • Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY).
  • Administration and maintenance of the PMSSN is entrusted to the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW)
  • In given financial year, the spending on such schemes of the MoHFW would be primarily incurred from the PMSSN and thereafter, from Gross Budgetary Support (GBS).
  • The benefit is the Enhanced access to universal & affordable health care through availability of earmarked resources, while ensuring that the amount does not lapse at the end of financial year.

Components of PMSSY  [Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi]

  • Setting up of AlIMS like Institutions Each New AIIMS to add:-
    • State of the art Modular OTs and diagnostics facilties.
    • 15-20 super specialty departments.
    • 750 Beds.
    • 100 UG (MBBS) seats
    • 60 B.Sc. (Nursing ) seats.
    • Focus on PG education and Research
    • Total 22 new AlIMS have been announced so far under this component:-
      • BAIIMS are already functional
      • 16 more AIIMS are approved by the Cabinet.
    • Upgradation of Government Medical College(GMC)! Institutions.
      • Each up-gradation project would be adding :-
        • 8-10 Super Speciality Departments
        • Around 15 new PG seats
        • 150-250 beds
      • 75 Projects have been considered under this component under different phases:-
        • Phase | &1I: 19 GMCs
        • Phase Ill: 39 GMCs
        • Phase IV: 13 GMCs
        • Phase V(A) : 2 GMCs
        • Phase V(B): 2 GMCs

Current Situation of Health Sector [Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi]

  • India’s health infrastructure came under considerable strain in 2020, with 11 million Covid cases and perhaps over a million requiring hospitalisation. Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi
  • India currently has one doctor over the population of 1,445 against the WHO norm of 1:1000.
  • India spent 1.8% of its GDP on health in FY 2020-21 and 1-1.5% in the previous years.
  • As compared with the OECD countries’ average of 7.6% and other BRICS countries’ average of 3.6% on their health sector, this is considerably low.
  • As a result, India is among the top nations with the highest Out Of Pocket Expenditure (OOPE).
  • According to estimates, out of pocket expenses in healthcare in India hover close to 62%, nearly thrice the global average of 18%.


Mussoorie Times

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