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POPULATION OF INDIA : SIZE AND DISTRIBUTION

POPULATION OF INDIA : SIZE AND DISTRIBUTION

  • India’s Population Size and Distribution by Numbers India’s population as on March 2001 stood at 1,028 million, which account for 16.7 per cent of the world’s population.
  • These 1.02 billion people are unevenly distributed over our country’s vast area of 3.28 million square km, which accounts for 2.4 per cent of the world’s area. The 2001 Census data reveals that Uttar Pradesh with a population size of 166 million people is the most populous state of India.
  • Uttar Pradesh accounts for about 16 per cent of the country’s population.
  • On the other hand, the Himalayan state Sikkim has a population of just about 0.5 million and Lakshadweep has only 60 thousand people.
  • Almost half of India’s population lives in just five states. These are Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Rajasthan, the biggest state in terms of area, has only 5.5 per cent of the total population of India.
  • India’s Population Distribution by Density Population provides a better picture of the uneven distribution.
  • Population density is calculated as the number of persons per unit area.
  • India is one of the most densely populated countries of the world. 
  • The population density of India in the year 2001 was 324 persons per sq km.
  • Densities vary from 904 persons per sq km in West Bengal to only 13 persons per sq km in Arunachal Pradesh. 
  • The states with population densities below 250 persons per square km.
  • Rugged terrain and unfavourable climatic conditions are primarily responsible for sparse population in these areas.  Assam and most of the peninsular states have moderate population densities.
  • Hilly, dissected and rocky nature of the terrain, moderate to low rainfall, shallow and less fertile soils have influenced population densities in these areas.    POPULATION OF INDIA : SIZE AND DISTRIBUTION
  • The Northern Plains and Kerala in the south have high to very high population densities because of the flat plains with fertile soils and abundant rainfall. 
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