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POLITICAL PARTIES

POLITICAL PARTIES

  •  A political party is a group of individuals who are united in a specific political cause or opinion, especially on a national or regional basis who try to gain political gain through constitutional means.
  •  A political party’s main function is to link the rulers and the ruled.
  •  This it does through nominating candidates for public offices, formulating policy and setting the agenda for the public, and mobilizing support for candidates and policies during an election.

Registration of political parties:

Registration of Political parties is governed by the provisions of Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

  • A party seeking registration under the said Section with the Election Commission has to submit an application to the Commission within a period of 30 days following the date of its formation as per guidelines prescribed by the Election Commission of India in exercise of the powers conferred by Article 324 of the Commission of India and Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951.

 National parties
A registered party is recognised as a national party only if it fulfils any one of the three conditions listed below:

  •  A party should win 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha from at least three different states.
  •  At a general election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in any four or more states and in addition, it wins four Lok Sabha seats. A party gets recognition as a state party in four states.                                  POLITICAL PARTIES
  •  A party recognised as a National party can be derecognized if it fails to maintain the criteria.

To be eligible for a ‘National Political Party of India:

  1. It secures at least six percent of the valid votes polled in any four or more states, at a general election to the House of the People or, to the State Legislative Assembly.
  2. In addition, it wins at least four seats in the House of the People from any State or States.
  3. It wins at least two percent seats in the House of the People (i.e., 11 seats in the existing House having 543 members), and these members are elected from at least three different States.

State parties 

  • A party has to fulfil any of the following conditions for recognition as a state party:
  • A party should secure at least 6% of valid votes polled in an election to the state legislative assembly and win at least 2 seats in that state assembly.
  • A party should secure at least 6% of valid votes polled in an election to Lok Sabha and win at least 1 seating Lok Sabha.
  • A party should win a minimum of three per cent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seating the Legislative Assembly, whichever s higher.
  • A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State. 3
  • Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as state party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the state.

To be eligible for a ‘State Political Party:

    1. It secures at least six percent of the valid votes polled in the State at a general election, either to the House of the People or to the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned
    2. In addition, it wins at least two seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State concerned.                        POLITICAL PARTIES
    3. It wins at least three percent (3%) of the total number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State, or at least three seats in the Assembly, whichever is more.

What are unrecognised political parties?

  • Either newly registered parties or those which have not secured enough percentage of votes in Assembly or General Elections to become a State party or those which have never contested in elections since being registered are considered unrecognised parties. Such parties don’t enjoy all the benefits extended to the recognised parties.

Unrecognised political parties in India:

  • There are 2,360 political parties registered with the Election Commission of India and 2,301 or 97.50% of them are unrecognised.

Benefits:

  1. If a party is recognised as a State Party’, it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it in the State in which it is so recognised, and if a party is recognised as a `National Party’ it is entitled for exclusive allotment of its reserved symbol to the candidates set up by it throughout India.
  2. Recognised `State’ and `National’ parties need only one proposer for filing the nomination and are also entitled for two sets of electoral rolls free of cost at the time of revision of rolls and their candidates get one copy of electoral roll free of cost during General Elections.                          POLITICAL PARTIES
  3. They also get broadcast/telecast facilities over Akashvani/Doordarshan during general elections.
  4. The travel expenses of star campaigners are not to be accounted for in the election expense accounts of candidates of their party.

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Indian Polity

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