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PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED

PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED

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  • Minisiry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM-KUSUM) Scheme for farmers for installation of solar pumps and grid connected solar and other renewable power plants in the country.
  • The scheme aims o add solar and other renewable capacity of 25,750 MW by 2022 with total central financial support of Rs. 34,422 Crore including service charges to the implementing agencies.

About Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha Evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM)

  • The government in Budget 2020 speech announced that Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) will be expanded to provide 20 lakh farmers in setting up standalone solar pumps.
  • Farmers who have fallow or barren land will be helped to set up solar power generation units and also sell surplus power to the solar grid and also make living out of even barren land.
  • Government will encourage balanced use of all fertilizers, a necessary step to change the incentive regime which encourages excessive use of chemical fertilizers.      [PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED]
  • To build a seamless national cold supply chain for perishables, Indian Railways will set up Kisan Rail through PPP model so that perishable goods can be transported quickly.
  • Krishi Udaan will be launched by MoCA on international and national routes.
  • Government proposed comprehensive measures for 100 water stressed districts.
  • A 16-point action plan to boost agriculture and farmers welfare has been proposed.
  • Agri market needs to be liberalised and government has proposed to handhold farmers.
  • The government has insured 6.11 crore farmers under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima YojanaComponents of PM-KUSUM
    • Component-A: For Setting up of 10,000 MW of Decentralized Grid Connected Renewable Energy Power Plants on barren land. Under this component, renewable energy based power plants (REPP) of capacity 500 kW to 2 MW will be setup by individual farmers/ group of farmers/ cooperatives/ panchayats/ Farmer Producer Organisations (FPO)/Water User associations (WUA) on barren/fallow land. These power plants can also be installed on cultivable land on stilts where crops can also be grown below the solar panels. The renewable energy power project will be installed within five km radius of the sub-stations in order to avoid high cost of sub-transmission lines and to reduce transmission losses. The power generated will be purchased by local DISCOM at pre-fixed tariff
    • Component-B: For Installation of 17.50 Lakh stand-alone solar agriculture pumps. Under this Component, individual farmers will be supported to install standalone solar Agriculture pumps of capacity up to 7.5 HP for replacement of existing diesel Agriculture pumps / irrigation systems in off-grid areas, where grid supply is not available. Pumps of capacity higher than 7.5 HP can also be installed, however, the financial support will be limited to 7.5 HP capacity
    • Component-C: For Solarisation of 10 Lakh Grid Connected Agriculture Pumps. Under this Component, individual farmers having grid connected agriculture pump will be supported to solarise pumps. The farmer will be able to use the generated solar power to meet the irrigation needs and the excess solar power will be sold to DISCOMs at pre-fixed tariff

    Kusum Scheme Benefits  [PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED]

    • It shall enable the decentralisation of the production of solar power.
    • Transmission losses of DISCOMS will be under control.

    Subsidy burden on DISCOMS in the sector of agriculture will be decreased

    • to a large extent.
    • This will give farmers the chance to sell to the grid the extra power that is generated by the solar plants that are stationed on their barren lands.
    • It will provide a fillip to the emerging green economy in India.
    • The program will also aid in the de-dieseling of the agricultural sector in India. This implies that the existing diesel pumps will be replaced.
    • Other benefits that will accrue to the farmers due to the implementation of this program include conservation of water, water security as well as energy efficiency.

    Challenges [PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED]

    • Omission of Small and Marginal Farmers:There has been the relative omission of small and marginal farmers, as the scheme focuses on pumps of 3 HP and higher capacities. It is due to this, solar pumps are not reaching the majority of farmers, as nearly 85% of them are small & marginal.
    • Logistics Issue:There is a matter of domestic availability of equipment itself. While pumps are not a challenge for domestic suppliers, the availability of solar pumps is still an issue.
    • Depleting Water Tables:Due to power subsidies, the recurring cost of electricity is so low that farmers keep on pumping water and the water table is going down.
    • PM KUSUM SCHEME MODIFIED

    ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/the-opportunity-index-2021-report/

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