CONTACT US

084594-00000

About Us  :  Online Enquiry

UPSC Syllabus / IAS syllabus


Download

Physics Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Physics Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

PAPER – I

1.

a. Mechanics of Particles: Laws of motion; conservation of energy and momentum, applications to rotating frames, cent r ipetal and Cor iol is accelerat ions; Motion under a central force; Conservation of angular momentum, Kepler’s laws; Fields and potentials; Gravitational field and potential due to spherical bodies, Gauss and Poisson equations, gravitational self-energy; Two-body problem; Reduced mass; Rutherford scattering; Centre of mass an laboratory reference frames.

Mechanics of Rigid Bodies: System of particles; Centre of mass, angular momentum, equations of motion; Conservation theorems for energy, momentum and angular momentum; Elastic and inelastic collisions; Rigid body; Degrees of freedom, Euler’s theorem, angular velocity, angular momentum, moments of inertia, theorems of parallel and perpendicular axes, equation of motion for rotation; Molecular rotations (as rigid bodies); Di and tri-atomic molecules; Precessional motion; top, gyroscope.

  1. Mechanics of Continuous Media: Elasticity, Hooke’s law and elastic constants of isotropic solids and their inter-relation; Streamline (Laminar) flow, viscosity, Poiseuille’s equation, Bernoulli’s equation, Stokes’ law and applications.
  2. Special Relativity: Michelson-Morley experiment and its implications; Lorentz transformations-length contraction, time dilation, addition of relativistic velocities, aberration and Doppler effect, mass-energy relation, simple applications to a decay process; Four dimensional momentum vector; Covariance of equations of physics.

2. Waves and Optics:

    1. Waves: Simple harmonic motion, damped oscillation, forced oscillation and resonance; Beats; Stationary waves in a string; Pulses and wave packets; Phase and group velocities; Reflection and Refraction from Huygens’ principle.
    2. Geometrical Optics: Laws of reflection and refraction from Fermat’s principle ; Matrix method in paraxial optics-thin lens formula, nodal planes, system of two thin lenses, chromatic and spherical aberrations.
    3. Interference: Interference of light-Young’s experiment, Newton’s rings, interference by thin films, Michelson interferometer; Multiple beam interference and Fabry-Perot interferometer.
    4. Diffraction: Fraunhofer diffraction-single slit, double slit, diffraction grating, resolving power; Diffraction by a circular aperture and the Airy pattern; Fresnel diffraction: half-period zones and zone plates, circular aperture.
    5. Polarization and Modern Optics: Production and detection of linearly and circularly polarized light; Double refraction, quarter wave plate; Optical activity; Principles of fibre optics, attenuation; Pulse dispersion in step index and parabolic index f ibres; Mater ial dispersion, single mode fibres; Lasers-Einstein A and B coefficients; Ruby and He-Ne lasers; Characteristics of laser light-spatial and temporal coherence; Focusing of laser beams; Three-level scheme for laser operation; Holography and simple applications.

3. Electricity and Magnetism:

  1. Electrostatics and Magnetostatics: Laplace and Poisson equations in electrostatics and their applications; Energy of a system of charges, multipole expansion of scalar potential; Method of images1 and its applications; Potential and field due to a dipole, force and torque on a dipole in an external field; Dielectrics, polarization; Solutions to boundary-value problems-conducting and dielectric spheres in a uniform electric field; Magnetic shell, uniformly magnetized sphere; Ferromagnetic materials, hysteresis, energy loss.
  2. Current Electricity: Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications; Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s law, Faraday’s law, Lenz’ law; Self-and mutual-inductances; Mean and r m s values in AC circuits; DC and AC circuits with R, L and C components; Series and parallel resonances; Quality factor; Principle of transformer.
  3. Electromagnetic Waves and Blackbody Radiation: Displacement current and Maxwell’s equations; Wave equations in vacuum, Poynting theorem; Vector and scalar potentials; Electromagnetic field tensor, covariance of Maxwell’s equations; Wave equations in isotropic dielectrics, reflection and refraction at the boundary of two dielectrics; Fresnel’s relations; Total internal reflection; Normal and anomalous dispersion; Rayleigh scattering; Blackbody radiation and Planck’s radiation law, Stefan – Boltzmann law, Wien’s displacement law and Rayleigh-Jeans’ law.

4.Thermal and Statistical Physics:

  1. Thermodynamics: Laws of thermodynamics, reversible and irreversible processes, entropy; Isothermal, adiabatic, isobaric, isochoric processes and entropy changes; Otto and Diesel engines, Gibbs’ phase rule and chemical potential; van der Waals equation of state of a real gas, critical constants; Maxwell-Boltzman distribution of molecular velocities, transport phenomena, equipartition and virial theorems; Dulong-Pet i t , Einstein, and Debye’s theories of specific heat of solids; Maxwell relations and applications ; Clausius- Clapeyron equation; Adiabatic demagnetisation, Joule-Kelvin effect and liquefaction of gases.
  2. Statistical Physics: Macro and micro states, statistical distributions, Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions, applications to specific heat of gases and blackbody radiation; Concept of negative temperatures.

PAPER – II

1. Quantum Mechanics:
<p?>Wave-particle dualitiy; Schroedinger equation and expectation values; Uncertainty principle; Solutions of the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation for a free particle (Gaussian wave-packet), particle in a box, particle in a finite well, linear harmonic oscillator; Reflection and transmission by a step potential and by a rectangular barrier; Particle in a three dimensional box, density of states, free electron theory of metals; Angular momentum; Hydrogen atom; Spin half particles, properties of Pauli spin matrices.

2. Atomic and Molecular Physics:

Stern-Gerlach experiment, electron spin, fine structure of hydrogen atom; L-S coupling, J-J coupling; Spectroscopic notation of atomic states; Zeeman effect; FrankCondon principle and applications; Elementary theory of rotational, vibratonal and electronic spectra of diatomic molecules; Raman effect and molecular structure; Laser Raman spectroscopy; Importance of neutral hydrogen atom, molecular hydrogen and molecular hydrogen ion in astronomy; Fluorescence and Phosphorescence; Elementary theory and applications of NMR and EPR; Elementary ideas about Lamb shift and its significance.

3. Nuclear and Particle Physics:

Basic nuclear properties-size, binding energy, angular momentum, parity, magnetic moment; Semi-empirical mass formula and appl icat ions, mass parabolas; Ground state of deuteron, magnetic moment and non-central forces; Meson theory of nuclear forces; Salient features of nuclear forces;Shell model of the nucleus – successes and limitations; Violation of parity in beta decay; Gamma decay and internal conversion; Elementary ideas about Mossbauer spectroscopy; Q-value of nuclear reactions; Nuclear fission and fusion, energy production in stars; Nuclear reactors.

Classification of elementary particles and their interactions ; Conservation laws ; Quark structure of hadrons; Field quanta of electroweak and strong interactions; Elementary ideas about unification of forces; Physics of neutrinos.

4. Solid State Physics, Devices and Electronics:

Crystalline and amorphous structure of matter; Different crystal systems, space groups; Methods of determination of crystal structure; X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopies; Band theory of solids – conductors, insulators and semiconductors; Thermal properties of solids, specific heat, Debye theory; Magnetism: dia, para and ferromagnetism; Elements of superconductivity, Meissner effect, Josephson junctions and applications; Elementary ideas about high temperature superconductivity.
Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; pn-p and n-p-n transistors; Amplifiers and osci l lators; Op-amps; FET, JFET and MOSFET; Digital electronics-Boolean identities, De Morgan’s laws, logic gates and truth tables; Simple logic circuits; Thermistors, solar cells; Fundamentals of microprocessors and digital computers.

Physics Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

 




Sanskrit Syllabus for UPSC/IAS Main Examination

Sanskrit Syllabus for UPSC/IAS Main Examination Paper-I There will be three questions  as indicated in the question paper which must be answered in S

Punjabi Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Punjabi Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-I Answers must be written in Punjabi in Gurumukhi Script.   Section-A a) Origin of Punjabi

Management Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Management Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-I The candidate should make a study of the concept and development of management as science a

Hindi Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination

Hindi Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination Paper – I Answers must be written in Hindi. Section-A 1.History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi

English Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

English Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination The syllabus consists of two papers, designed to test a first-hand and critical reading of texts presc

Arabic Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Arabic Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-I Answers must be written in Arabic Section-A 1. (a) Origin and development of the language-an ou

Anthropology Syllabus for IAS/ UPSC Main Examination

Anthropology Syllabus for IAS/ UPSC Main Examination Is anthropology a good option ? Anthropology is one of the very few subjects in the UPSC Syllabus

Zoology Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Zoology Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-1 1.Non-chordata and Chordata: (a) Classification and relationship of various phyla up to subcla

Statistics Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Statistics Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-I 1.Probability: Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, random v

Sociology Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination

Sociology Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination Sociology is the scientific study of society, social relationships including patterns of social com

Public Administration Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Public administration is one of the common optional in the UPSC civil services exam for any aspirants. Irrespective of the academic background, any st

Psychology Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Psychology Syllabus for UPSC /IAS Main Examination PAPER – I Foundations of Psychology 1. Introduction: Definition of Psychology; Historical ant

Political Science Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Political Science Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination PART – I Political Theory and Indian Politics 1.Political theory meaning and approache

Physics Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Physics Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination PAPER – I 1. a. Mechanics of Particles: Laws of motion; conservation of energy and momentum, app

Philosophy Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Philosophy Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-I History and Problems of Philosophy 1. Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matte

Medical Science Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Medical Science Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-I 1. Human Anatomy: Applied anatomy including blood and nerve supply of upper and lower

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus for UPSC/IAS Main Examination Paper-I 1. Mechanics: 1.1 Mechanics of rigid bodies: Equations of equilibrium in space a

Mathematics syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Mathematics syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-I (1) Linear Algebra: Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspa

Law syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Law syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper – I Constitutional and Administrative Law  Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctiv

History Syllabus For UPSC/IAS Main Examination

History Syllabus For UPSC/IAS Main Examination Paper – I Sources: Archaeological sources: Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monument

Geology Syllabus for UPSC/IAS Main Examination

Geology Syllabus for UPSC/IAS Main Examination Paper-1 1. General Geology: The Solar System, Meteorites, Origin and interior of the earth and age of

Geography Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

Geography Syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Paper-I Principles of Geography Physical Geography: 1. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform

Electrical Engineering Syllabus for UPSC Examination

Electrical Engineering Syllabus for UPSC/IAS Main Examination Paper-I Circuit Theory:Circuit components; network graphs; KCL, KVL; circuit analysis me

Economics Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination

Economics Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination Economics Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination Part-I 1. Advanced Micro Economics: (a) Marshall

Commerce syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination 

Commerce syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination  Commerce syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination  PAPER – I Accounting and Finance Account

Civil Engineering Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination

Civil Engineering Syllabus for Main Examination Civil Engineering Syllabus for Main Examination Paper-I 1. Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Material

Chemistry Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination

Chemistry Syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination PAPER-I 1. Atomic Structure:Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Schrodinger wave equation (ti

Bodo syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination

Bodo syllabus for UPSC / IAS Main Examination Paper-I History of Bodo Language and Literature (Answers must be written in Bodo) Section- A History of

Botany syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination 

Botany syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination  Botany syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination Botany syllabus for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination  PAPE

Indian languages UPSC/IAS Main Examination

Indian languages UPSC/IAS Main Examination Indian languages UPSC/IAS Main Examination The aim of the paper is to test the candidate’s ability to

English Qualifying paper for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination

English Qualifying paper for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination English Qualifying paper for UPSC/ IAS Main Examination The aim of the paper is to test the ca

Animal Husbandry Syllabus for UPSC /IAS Main Examination

Animal Husbandry Syllabus for UPSC /IAS Main Examination Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science syllabus for UPSC/IAS Main examination  Paper-I 1.A

General Studies Syllabus for UPSC Main Examination

General Studies Syllabus for UPSC Main Examination General Studies Syllabus for UPSC Main Examination General Studies Syllabus for UPSC Main Examinat

Agriculture Syllabus for UPSC Main Examination

Agriculture Syllabus for UPSC Main Examination Agriculture Syllabus for UPSC Main Examination Agriculture Syllabus for UPSC Main Examination Paper-I

Send this to a friend