What is a Parliamentary Group?
- A parliamentary group, parliamentary party, or parliamentary caucus is a group consisting of members of the same political party or electoral fusion of parties in a legislative assembly such as a parliament or a city council.
What is Indian Parliamentary Group?
- In 1949, IPG was formed as an autonomous body in pursuance of a motion adopted by the Constituent Assembly (Legislative) on 16th August, 1948.
Rationale of the Indian Parliamentary Group
- Inter-parliamentary relations assume great importance in today’s globalised world. The world today is beset with many problems, and what set of problems a parliament faces today, may confront another tomorrow. Thus it is essential that a link exists between various parliaments of the world for frank and open discussion.
- This link is maintained by India through the exchange of delegations, goodwill missions, documents etc. with foreign parliaments through the machinery of the Indian Parliamentary Group (IPG).
- The IPG acts both as the National Group of Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and also as the Indian Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) which is part of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Composition of the Indian Parliamentary Group
- The membership of the IPG is open to all members of the Parliament. Former members of Parliament can also become associate members of the group. But the associate members have limited rights.
- They are not entitled to representation at meetings and conferences of the IPU and CPA. They are also not entitled to the travel concessions provided to members by certain branches of the CPA
- The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is the ex-officio president of the Group.
- The Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha are the ex-officio vice-president of the Group The secretary general of the Lok Sabha acts as other ex-officio secretary-
general of the Group.
Objectives of the Indian Parliamentary Group
The aims of the IPG are as follows:
- To promote personal contacts between members of the Parliament of India
- To study questions of public importance that are likely to come up before the parliament; arrange seminars, discussions and orientation courses and bring out publications for the dissemination of information to the members of the Group.
- To arrange lectures on political, defence, economic, social and educational problems by members of the parliament.
- To arrange visits to foreign countries with a few to view to develop contacts with other parliaments of the world.
Functions of the IPG
The functions of the Indian Parliamentary Group are as follows:
- The group acts as a link between the Parliament of Indian and the various parliaments of the world. This link is maintained through goodwill missions, delegations etc with foreign parliaments
- The Addresses of the members of the Parliament by visiting heads of states and Governments of foreign countries and talks by eminent persons are arranged under the auspices of the IPG
- Seminars and symposia on parliamentary subjects are organized periodically at national as well as international levels.
- Members of the Group, when visiting abroad are given letters of introduction to the Secretaries of the National Groups of the IPU and Secretaries of the CPA branches. The Indian Mission in the counters are also suitably informed so as to enable them to get assistance and usual courtesies
- Only Members of the Parliament Group of at least six months standing at the time of the composition of the delegation, may be included in the Indian Parliamentary Delegations.