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Organic Farming In India

Organic Farming In India

Why in news?

  • In a major boost to exports of organic products from the country, the first consignment of millets grown in the Himalayas would be exported to Denmark.
  • APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority) has sourced ragi (finger millet), and jhingora (barnyard millet) from farmers in Uttarakhand for exports.
  • At present, organic products are exported provided they are produced, processed, packed and labelled as per the requirements of the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP).


  • The exports of millets to Denmark would expand exports opportunities in European countries.
  • The exports would also support thousands of farmers that are getting into organic farming.
  • Millets are gaining a lot of popularity globally because of their high nutritive values and being gluten-free also.

Organic farming

  • According to FSSAI, ’organic farming’ is a system of farm design and management to create an ecosystem of agriculture production without the use of synthetic external inputs such as chemical fertilisers, pesticides and synthetic hormones or genetically modified organisms.
  • Related Initiatives:
    • Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region (MOVCDNER).
    • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), etc.            Organic Farming In India
  • The Indian state of Sikkim achieved the feat of being the world’s first organic state and was awarded the UN Future Policy Gold Award 2018, also known as the Oscar for best policies.

Advantages of Organic Farming

  • Economical: In organic farming, no expensive fertilisers, pesticides, or HYV seeds are required for the plantation of crops. Therefore, there is no extra expense.
  • Good return on Investment: With the usage of cheaper and local inputs, a farmer can make a good return on investment.
  • High demand: There is a huge demand for organic products in India and across the globe, which generates more income through export.
  • Nutritional: As compared to chemical and fertiliser-utilised products, organic products are more nutritional, tasty, and good for health.                        Organic Farming In India
  • Environment-friendly: The farming of organic products is free of chemicals and fertilisers, so it does not harm the environment.

Limitations Of Organic Farming

  • Less output.
  • Higher price.
  • The lack of awareness.
  • Organic products generally demand a higher price due to a higher demand.
  • Shorter shelf life.                                  Organic Farming In India
  • Organic products have a shorter shelf life due to the absence of artificial preservatives.

Organic Exports in India

  • Oil cake meal is a major commodity of the organic product exports from the country followed by oil seeds, fruit pulps and purees, cereals & millets, spices, tea, medicinal plant products etc.
  • At present, organic products are exported provided they are produced, processed, packed and labelled as per the requirements of the National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP).
  • The NPOP has been implemented by APEDA since its inception in 2001 as notified under the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulations) Act, 1992.                    Organic Farming In India
  • NPOP has also been recognized by the Food Safety Standard Authority of India (FSSAI) for trade of organic products in the domestic market. Organic products covered under the bilateral agreement with NPOP need not to be recertified for import in India.


Mussoorie Times

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