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Operation Pangea XIV: Interpol

Operation Pangea XIV: Interpol

Why in news?

  • Recently, the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) through its Operation Pangea XIV targeted the sale of fake medicines and products online.
  • More than 1.10 lakh web links, including websites and online marketplaces, were taken down in the operation.

Operation Pangea XIV

  • Code-named “Operation Pangea XIV”, the exercise was coordinated by Interpol.
  • It involved the police, customs, and health regulatory authorities of 92 countries against the sale of fake and illicit medicines and medical products.
  • Indian agencies also participated in the operation, said an official of the Central Bureau of Investigation that is the nodal body for the Interpol in the country.
  • It showed that criminals were continuing to cash in on the huge demand for personal protection and hygiene products due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Other Pharmaceutical Crime Operations

  • Operation Rainfall
    • It disrupts the trafficking in pharmaceuticals and medical devices in Asia.
    • Seven countries took part in the operation in 2018 i.e. Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam.
  • Heera
    • It is a regional initiative that targets the trafficking of pharmaceutical products in West Africa.
    • The countries involved are Benin, Burkina Faso, Céte dlvoire, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo.                Operation Pangea XIV: Interpol
  • Qanoon
    • It is a multi-year initiative targeting illicit medicines and medical products in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA,) region.
    • It collects and shares information in order to identify transnational issues, support investigations and dismantle criminal networks.
    • The countries participating in the initiative are Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and United Arab Emirates.

About Interpol

  • The International Criminal Police Organization, commonly known as INTERPOL is an international organization that facilitates worldwide police cooperation and crime control.
  • It is the world’s largest police organization.
  • Its broad mandate covers virtually every kind of crime, including crimes against humanity, child pornography, drug trafficking and production, political corruption, intellectual property infringement, and white-collar crime.                          Operation Pangea XIV: Interpol
  • It provides investigative support, expertise, and training to law enforcement worldwide, focusing on three major areas of transnational crime: terrorism, cybercrime, and organized crime.
  • Contrary to popular belief, INTERPOL is itself not a law enforcement agency.
  • The agency also facilitates cooperation among national law enforcement institutions through criminal databases and communications networks.


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