CONTACT US

084594-00000

About Us  :  Online Enquiry

Download

NITI Aayog’s Health Index

Context: NITI Aayog has released its second edition of comprehensive Health Index report titled, “Healthy States, Progressive India”.

What you need to know about the report?

  • The report has been developed by NITI Aayog, with technical assistance from the World Bank, and in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
  • The report ranks states and Union territories innovatively on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes, as well as, their overall performance with respect to each other.
  • It aims to establish an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation’s performance in Health.

Also Read : Aspirational district Programme

Background:

  • States and UTs have been ranked in three categories namely, Larger States, Smaller States, and Union Territories (UTs), to ensure comparison among similar entities.

How are states ranked?

  • The Health Index is a weighted composite Index, which for the larger States, is based on indicators in three domains: (a) Health Outcomes (70%); (b) Governance and Information (12%); and (c) Key Inputs and Processes (18%), with each domain assigned a weight based on its importance.

Significance:

  • Health Index has been developed as a tool to leverage co-operative and competitive federalism to accelerate the pace of achieving health outcomes.
  • It would also serve as an instrument for “nudging” States & Union Territories (UTs) and the Central Ministries to a much greater focus on output and outcome-based measurement of annual performance than is currently the practice.
  • With the annual publication of the Index and its availability on public domain on a dynamic basis, it is expected to keep every stakeholder alert to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Goal number 3.

Performance of various states:

  • Kerala has emerged as the top-ranking state in terms of overall health performance.
  • Uttar Pradesh is the worst when it comes to overall health performance.
  • Gujarat, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh stood at fourth, fifth and sixth spots.
  • Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra have emerged as the top ranking states based on historical performance across health indicators.
  • Haryana, Rajasthan and Jharkhand top the index based on incremental performance.
  • Among the UTs, Chandigarh jumped one spot to top the list with a score of (63.62), followed by Dadra and Nagar Haveli (56.31), Lakshadweep (53.54), Puducherry (49.69), Delhi (49.42), Andaman and Nicobar (45.36) and Daman and Diu (41.66).
  • Only about half the States and UTs showed an improvement in the overall score between 2015-16 (base year) and 2017-18 (reference year).
  • Among the eight Empowered Action Group States, only three States — Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh — showed improvement in the overall performance.

Current Affairs 2020

Send this to a friend