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New Education Policy 2020

New Education Policy 2020

Introduction

  • Coronavirus outbreak has majorly impacted the education sector in India. Union Minister of Human Resource and Development  released reforms and education plan, National Education Policy 2020, for students that is based on the Kasturirangan committee report.
  • Many students have faced problems in shifting to online learning. The ministry has introduced plans which will bring equality in education. The students will also have the liberty to take a break during their Undergraduate programme and continue from where they have left. Basically, the ministry has introduced a credit system like the United States of America’s Multiple entries and exit system.

Highlights of the National Education Policy 2020

  • The policy covers all the 3 stages of education, that is school education, higher education and professional education
  • It includes even agricultural education, legal education, medical education, technical education, vocational education, teacher education and the research and innovation.
  • Emphasizes on The early child care and education and includes it in the Ministry of Education [Ministry of HRD will be called Ministry of Education from now on]
  • The policy also tries to focus on certain foundational skills that children should have in the proposed new structure of 5+3+3+4
  • The first stage of five years – (Children of 3-8 years of age) is focused on discovery learning and learning by play.
  • It Aims to build The foundational literacy and numeracy skills
    • Preparatory Stage (children in the age group of 8 to 11 year – grades 3 to 5)
    • Middle Stage age group of 11-14 years – grades 6 to 8)
    • Secondary Stage (age group of 14-18 years – Grades 9-12)

 School Education  | New Education Policy 2020

  • Universalise the pre-primary education (age range of 3-6 years) by 2025.
  • Universalization of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
  • A new school curriculum with coding and vocational studies from class 6 will be introduced.
  • A child’s mother tongue will be used as the medium of instruction till class 5.
  • A new curricular framework is to be introduced, including the preschool and Anganwadi years.
  • A National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy will ensure basic skills at the class 3 level by 2025.
  • Board exams to be easier, redesigned. Exams will test core competencies rather than memorising facts, with all students allowed to take the exam twice.
  • School governance is set to change, with a new accreditation framework and an independent authority to regulate both public and private schools.

Higher Education

  • Four year undergraduate degrees with multiple entry and exit options will be introduced.
  • The Phil degree will be abolished.
  • New umbrella regulator for all higher education except medical, legal courses.
  • An Academic Bank of Credit will be set up to make it easier to transfer between institutions.
  • College affiliation system to be phased out in 15 years, so that every college develops into either an autonomous degree-granting institution, or a constituent college of a university.
  • It also aims to double the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education, including vocational education, from 26.3% in 2018 to 50% by 2035, with an additional 3.5 crore new seats.

Traditional knowledge

  • Indian knowledge systems, including tribal and indigenous knowledge, will be incorporated into the curriculum in an accurate and scientific manner.

Digital Education  | New Education Policy 2020

  • An autonomous body, the national educational technology forum, will be created for the exchange of ideas on use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning and administration.
  • Separate technology unit to develop digital education resources. The new unit will coordinate digital infrastructure, content and capacity building.

Special focus

  • Regions such as aspirational districts, which have large number of students facing economic, social or caste barriers will be designated as ‘Special Educational Zones’.
  • The Centre will also set up a Gender Inclusion Fund to build the country’s capacity to provide equitable quality education to all girls and transgender students.

Enrolment ratio 

  • The NEP emphasises universal access to schools
  • It aims to bring two crore out-of-school children back into the educational mainstream
  • It also aims to double the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education, including vocational education, from 26.3% in 2018 to 50% by 2035, with an additional 3.5 crore new seats
  • To achieve this, GDP expenditure to increase from current 4.43% of GDP to 6%

Gender Inclusion Fund 

  • Centre to set up a ‘Gender Inclusion Fund’ to build the country’s capacity to provide equitable quality education to all girls and transgender students.
  • The fund will be available to States to implement priorities determined by the Central government critical for assisting female and transgender children in gaining access to education (such as the provisions of sanitation and toilets, bicycles, conditional cash transfers, etc)

Language formula

  • The new Education Policy provides for greater flexibility in the three-language formula, and no language will be imposed on any State
  • The three languages learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of course the students themselves, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India
  • Sanskrit will be offered as an option at all levels of school and higher education
  • Other classical languages will also be available, possibly as online modules, while foreign languages will be offered at the secondary level

Conclusion  | New Education Policy 2020

  • A New Education Policy aims to facilitate an inclusive, participatory and holistic approach, which takes into consideration field experiences, empirical research, stakeholder feedback, as well as lessons learned from best practices.
  • It is a progressive shift towards a more scientific approach to education. The prescribed structure will help to cater the ability of the child – stages of cognitive development as well as social and physical awareness. If implemented in its true vision, the new structure can bring India at par with the leading countries of the world.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/iasbuzz/global-ranking-indian-universities/

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