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New Commission for Air Quality Management

New Commission for Air Quality Management

Why in news?

  • The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) is set to table the Commission for Air Quality Management in the National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Bill, 2021 in Parliament during the Monsoon Session.

Background

  • The Centre dissolved it after five months as the ordinance lapsed after failing to become an act.
  • The erstwhile Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority, or EPCA had been dissolved to make way for the Commission.About the commission
    • The Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2021 was promulgated on April 13, 2021.
    • The Ordinance provides for the constitution of a Commission for better co-ordination, research, identification, and resolution of problems related to air quality in the National Capital Region (NCR) and adjoining areas.
    • Adjoining areas have been defined as areas in the states of Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh adjoining the NCR where any source of pollution may cause adverse impact on air quality in the NCR.
    • The Ordinance also dissolves the Environment Pollution Prevention and Control Authority established in the NCR in 1998.
    • An Ordinance establishing a similar Commission was promulgated in October, 2020.

    Functions of the Commission

    • Co-ordinating actions taken under the Ordinance by concerned state governments (Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh)
    • Planning and executing plans to prevent and control air pollution in the NCR
    • Providing a framework for identification of air pollutants
    • Conducting research and development through networking with technical institutions
    • Training and creating a special workforce to deal with issues related to air pollution
    • Preparing various action plans such as increasing plantation and addressing stubble burning

    Powers of the Commission

    • Restricting activities influencing air quality
    • Investigating and conducting research related to environmental pollution impacting air quality
    • Preparing codes and guidelines to prevent and control air pollution
    • Issuing directions on matters including inspections, or regulation which will be binding on the concerned person or authority
    • Further, the Commission may impose and collect environment compensation from farmers causing pollution by stubble burning.  This compensation will be prescribed by the central government.

     

Mussoorie Times

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