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NEW AGRICULTURAL POLICY (NAP) 2000

NEW AGRICULTURAL POLICY (NAP) 2000

  • Announced by the Central government in July, 2000 in the light of the challenges faced by the agricultural sector under the provisions of World Trade Organisation (WTO).
  • Aimed to increase agricultural growth rate to 4% per annum for next two decades.
  • Seeks to promote private sector participation through contract farming and land leasing arrangements.
  • Seeks to anticipate the adverse effects of the removal of quantitative restrictions (QRs) in April 2000 by protecting the farmers through commodity —wise strategies, including appropriate tariff — protection.
  • Seeks to protect plant varieties through appropriate legislation to encourage research and breeding of new varieties in line with India’s obligation under TRIPS.
  • Seeks to remove all controls and regulations on domestic agricultural markets so as to ensure that farming receives a remunerative price for their produce.

EL-NINO:

  • It occurs when surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean continuously rise above average for several months, which in turn adversely affects weather in many parts of the world.
  • On an average it occurs every 3-5 years, often begins to form during June-August and typically lasts 9-12 months.
  • The event gains significance in India since its effect is felt around august, during the SW monsoon. In 2014, as well, it had its effects on the kharif and rabi production.  NEW AGRICULTURAL POLICY (NAP) 2000

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/indian-agriculture-i-market-irrigation-and-finance/

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