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NAXALISM

NAXALISM

Atleast 22 personnel died, in naxal attack  between central paramilitary forces and Maoists in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur.

About Naxalism

  • The Naxalism, is a term used to define a violent activities on behalf of landless laborer’s and tribal people against landlords and others by some individuals and groups.
  • Naxalism is considered to be one of the biggest internal security threats India faces.
  • Naxalism is a form of armed insurgency against the State motivated by leftist/maoist ideologies and thus is also known as Left Wing extremism (LWE) or Maoism.
  • It refers to the use of violence to destabilize the state through various communist guerrilla groups.

Causes 

  • Inability of political authority in India to provide avenues for structural uplift to the deprived sections of society in the affected states.
  • Corruption and poor provision/non-provision of essential public services including primary health care and education.
  • Poverty and economic inequality and underdevelopment in the naxal affected regions.
  • Environmental degradation in the form of destruction of land and water resources due to mining and industrial activates.
  • Encroachment and occupation of Government and Community lands (even the water-bodies) by
    powerful sections of society. Poor implementation of laws prohibiting transfer of tribal land to non-tribals in the Fifth Schedule areas.
  • Lack of basic facilities like education, freedom, sanitation and food.
  • Disruption of traditional occupations and lack of alternative work opportunities.
  • The alienation and social exclusion of large groups of people led to sections of them feeling a disconnect with the government of the day and also society at large.

Government’s approach against Naxalism:

  • In May 2017, the Government of India allocated Rs 11,000 crores to build road connectivity in 44 districts affected by Maoists activities.
  • Operation Green Hunt: started in 2010 and massive deployment of security forces was done in the naxal-affected areas. From 223 districts that were affected due to naxalism in the year 2010, the number has come down to 90 in nine years.
  • Filling up critical infrastructure gaps under the Scheme for Special Infrastructure in Left Wing Extremism affected States.
  • Police forces in Naxal-affected areas are fortified with more weapons, manpower, helicopters, UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles), etc. to be more effective in their fight against Naxalism.
  • Operation ‘SAMADHAN’ is the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)’s initiative to deal the Naxal problem. The acronym SAMADHAN stands for Smart leadership, Aggressive strategy, Motivation and training, Actionable intelligence, Dashboard Based KPIs (key performance indicators) and KRAs (key result areas), Harnessing technology, Action plan for each theater, and No access to financing.
  • Anti-left-wing extremism (LWE) policy to enhance the deployment of central forces in the Naxal infested areas in the state.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/unorganized-workers-in-india/

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