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National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)

National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)

Why in news?

  • The second phase of the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) will be completed by September 2021, taking India’s total computational capacity to 16 Petaflops.

About National Supercomputing Mission

  • The National Supercomputing Mission was announced in 2015
  • The aim is to create a cluster of seventy supercomputers connecting various academic and research institutions across India.                        National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)
  • The mission was set up to provide the country with supercomputing infrastructure to meet the increased computational demands of academia, researchers, MSMEs, and startups by creating the capability design, manufacturing, of supercomputers indigenously in India.
  • It supports the government’s vision of ‘Digital India’ and ‘Make in India’ initiatives.
  • The mission is being implemented by the Department of Science and Technology (Ministry of Science and Technology) and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), through the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune and Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru.

Features Of The Mission

  • It is also an effort to improve the number of supercomputers owned by India.
  • These supercomputers will also be networked on the National Supercomputing grid over the National Knowledge Network (NKN). The NKN connects academic institutions and R&D labs over a high-speed network.                                  National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)
  • Under NSM, the long-term plan is to build a strong base of 20,000 skilled persons over the next five years who will be equipped to handle the complexities of supercomputers.

Aims of the mission

  • To enhance India’s capability in solving grand challenge problems of national and global relevance.
  • To make India one of the world leaders in Supercomputing.
  • To empower our scientists and researchers with state-of-the-art supercomputing facilities .
  • To enable them to carry out cutting-edge research in their respective domains.
  • To attain global competitiveness and ensure self-reliance in the strategic area of supercomputing technology.
  • To minimize redundancies and duplication of efforts, and optimize investments in supercomputing

Application Areas

  • Computational Biology
  • Finance
  • Computational Chemistry
  • Climate Modelling
  • Large Complex Systems Simulations and Cyber Physical Systems
  • Weather Prediction
  • Big Data Analytics
  • Aerospace Engineering including CFD, CSM, CEM
  • National Security/ Defence Applications
  • Molecular Dynamics
  • Computational Material Science and Nanomaterials
  • Atomic Energy Simulations
  • Seismic Analysis
  • Disaster Simulations and Management
  • Information repositories/ Government Information Systems.
  • Discoveries beyond Earth (Astrophysics)

India’s Fastest Supercomputer

  • Currently, Pratyush and Mihir are the Fastest Supercomputers in India.
  • These are the 2 High-Performance Computing Units (HPC) with a combined speed of 6.8 PetaFlops.
  • Pratyush is established in Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune.
  • Mihir is established in the National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (NCMWF), Noida.
  • Pratyush and Mihir are used for the following applications.
    • Weather forecasting
    • Air quality
    • Fishing
    • To detect natural calamities                                      National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)

Three-Phases Of The National Supercomputing Mission

  • Under Phase-1 computing sppedd of 6.6 PF will be set up. In Phase-22, 8 more instituions will be equipped with supercomputing facilities by April 20201, with a total of 10 PF compute capacity.
  • MoUs have been signed with total 14 premier institutions of India for establishing Supercomputing Infrastructure with Assembly and Manufacturing in India. These include IITs, NITs, National Labs, and IISERs. Some of these have already been installed. The Phase-II installations is expected to be completed by April 2021.                          National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)
  • Work on Phase-III will start in late 2021 and will include three systems of 3 PF each and one system of 20PF as a national facility                      National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)

Proposed benefits

  • The Mission implementation would bring supercomputing within the reach of the large Scientific & Technology community in the country;                                  National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)
  • It will provide significant qualitative and quantitative improvement in R&D and higher education in the disciplines of Science & Technology; and
  • Enable the country with a capacity of solving multi-disciplinary grand challenge problems.
  • Currently, in the top Supercomputing machines in the world, a major share is taken from advanced countries such as the US, Japan, China and the European Union (EU). The mission envisages India to be in the select league of such nations.                        National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)

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