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National Parks In India

National Parks In India

Introduction

  • India is one of the 17 megadiverse countries of the world. With only 2.4% of the world’s land area, 16.7% of the world’s human population and 18% livestock, it contributes about 8% of the known global biodiversity, however, putting enormous demands on our natural resources.
  • India is home to world’s largest wild tigers population and has a unique assemblage of globally important endangered species like asiatic lion, asian elephant, one-horned rhinoceros, gangetic river dolphin, snow leopard, kashmir stag, dugong, gharial, great indian bustard, lion tailed macaque etc.

What Are National Parks?  | National Parks In India

  • A national park is an area with enough ecological, geo-morphological and natural significance with rich fauna and flora, which is designed to protect and to develop wildlife or its environment.
  • National parks in india are iucn category ii protected areas.
  • Activities like grazing, hunting, forestry or cultivation etc. Are strictly prohibited. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the chief wildlife warden of the state.      (National Parks In India)
  • India’s first national park was established in 1936 as hailey national park, now known as jim corbett national park, uttarakhand.
  • There are 104 existing national parks in india covering an area of 40501.13 km2, which is 1.23% of the geographical area of the country (national wildlife database, may 2019).

National Parks And Their Location  | National Parks In India

  • Andaman & Nicobar Islands
    • Campbell Bay National Park 1992
    • Galathea Bay National Park 1992
    • Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park 1983
    • Middle Button Island National Park 1987
    • Mount Harriett National Park 1987
    • North Button Island National Park 1987
    • Rani Jhansi Marine National Park 1996
    • Saddle Peak National Park 1987
    • South Button Island National Park 1987
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Papikonda National Park, 2008 (Godavari)
    • Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park, 2005 (Penna)                                National Parks In India
    • Sri Venkateswara National Park, 1989
  • Arunachal Pradesh
    • Mouling National Park, 1986 (Red Panda) (Siyom)
    • Namdapha National Park, 1983 (Red Giant Flying Squirrel) (Noa Dihing)
  • Assam
    • Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, 1999 (Dibru, Bramhaputra)
    • Kaziranga National Park, 1974 (One-Horned Rhinoceroses) (Bramhaputra, Mora Dhansiri, Diphlu)
    • Manas National Park, 1990 (Manas Beki River)
    • Nameri National Park, 1998 (Jia Bhoroli River)
    • Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, 1999 (Bramhaputra)
  • Bihar
    • Valmiki National Park, 1989 (Gandak, Burhi Gandak, Pandai)                                                             (National Parks In India)
  • Chhattisgarh
    • Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park, 1981
    • Indravati (Kutru) National Park, 1982 (Tiger & Wild Buffalo)( Indravati)
    • Kanger Valley National Park, 1982 (Kanger)
  • Goa
    • Mollem National Park, 1992 (Mandovi)
  • Gujarat
    • Vansda National Park, 1979 (Ambika)
    • Blackbuck (Velavadar) National Park, 1976 (Lies Between Parvalia And Alang Which Drains Into Gulf Of Cambay)
    • Gir National Park, 1975 (Asiatic Lions) (Hiran, Shetrunji, Datardi, Shingoda, Machhundri, Godavari And Raval)
    • Marine (Gulf Of Kachchh) National Park, 1982
  • Haryana
    • Kalesar National Park, 2003 (Yamuna River Forms The Eastern Boundary)
    • Sultanational Parkur National Park, 1989
  • Himachal Pradesh
    • Great Himalayan National Park, 1984 (Blue Sheep, Snow Leopard, Musk Deer)( Tirthan, Sainj, Jiwa Nal, And Parvati)
    • Inderkilla National Park, 2010
    • Khirganga National Park, 2010
    • Pin Valley National Park, 1987 (Pin, Spiti)
    • Simbalbara National Park, 2010
  • Jammu & Kashmir
    • City Forest (Salim Ali) National Park, 1992
    • Dachigam National Park, 1981 (Hangul/Kashmiri Stag) (Daghwan)
    • Hemis National Park, 1981 (Markha, Sumdah, Rumbak, Bounded By Indus In The North)                          National Parks In India
    • Kishtwar National Park, 1981 (Kiar, Nath, Kibar, Marwa, Rinnay)
  • Jharkhand
    • Betla National Park, 1986 (Bison, Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Axis-Axis)
  • Karnataka
    • Anshi National Park, 1987 (Kali)
    • Bandipur National Park, 1974
    • Bannerghatta National Park, 1974
    • Kudremukh National Park, 1987 (Tunga, Bhadra, Netravati)
    • Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park, 1988 (Lakshmmantirtha River, Sarati Hole, Nagar Hole, Balle Halla, Kabini River)
  • Kerala
    • Anamudi Shola National Park, 2003
    • Eravikulam National Park, 1978 (Periyar, Chalakudiyar, Cauvery)
    • Mathikettan Shola National Park, 2003 (Panniyar)
    • Pambadum Shola National Park, 2003
    • Periyar National Park, 1982 (Periyar, Pamba)
    • Silent Valley National Park, 1984 (Bharathapuzha River, Kuntipuzha River)
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Fossils National Park, 2011
    • Fossil National Park, 1983
    • Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park, 1975
    • Kanha National Park, 1955 (Banjar, Halon)                                      National Parks In India
    • Madhav National Park, 1959
    • Panna National Park, 1981
    • Sanjay National Park, 1981
    • Satpura National Park, 1981
    • Van Vihar National Park, 1979
  • Maharashtra
    • Chandoli National Park, 2004
    • Gugamal National Park, 1975
    • Nawegaon National Park, 1975
    • Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park, 1975
    • Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) National Park, 1983
    • Tadoba National Park, 1955
  • Manipur
    • Keibul-Lamjao National Park, 1977 (Only Floating Park In The World, Famous For Sangai Or Dancing Deers)( Loktak Lake)
  • Meghalaya
    • Balphakram National Park, 1985 (Elephants, Golden Cat)
    • Nokrek Ridge National Park, 1986
  • Mizoram
    • Murlen National Park, 1991
    • Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park, 1992
  • Nagaland
    • Intanki National Park, 1993
  • Odisha
    • Bhitarkanika National Park, 1988 (Estuarine Region Of Brahmani- Baitarani)
    • Simlipal National Park, 1980
  • Rajasthan
    • Desert National Park, 1992
    • Keoladeo Ghana National Park, 1981
    • Mukundra Hills National Park, 2006 (Ramzan, Ahu, Kali And Chambal)
    • Ranthambhore National Park, 1980 (Banas, Chambal)
    • Sariska National Park, 1992
  • Sikkim
    • Khangchendzonga National Park, 1977 (Musk Deer, Snow Leopard)
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Guindy National Park, 1976
    • Gulf Of Mannar Marine National Park, 1980
    • Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park, 1989 (Aliayar , Apambar , Chinnar, Parambikulam)
    • Mudumalai National Park, 1990
    • Mukurthi National Park, 1990 (Billithadahalla, Pykara And Kundah Rivers)
  • Telangana
    • Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park, 1994
    • Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park, 1994
    • Mrugavani National Park, 1994
  • Tripura
    • Clouded Leopard National Park, 2007
    • Bison (Rajbari) National Park, 2007
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Dudhwa National Park, 1977
  • Uttarakhand
    • Corbett National Park, 1936 (Ramganga)
    • Gangotri National Park, 1989
    • Govind National Park, 1990 (Tons River)
    • Nanda Devi National Park, 1982 (Rishiganga River)
    • Rajaji National Park, 1983 (Elephants, Tigers)
    • Valley Of Flowers National Park, 1982 (Snow Leopard, Flora)
  • West Bengal
    • Buxa National Park, 1992
    • Gorumara National Park, 1992 (Murti River And Raidak River)
    • Jaldapara National Park, 2014
    • Neora Valley National Park, 1986
    • Singalila National Park, 1986
    • Sunderban National Park, 1984 (Meghna)
  • (National Parks In India)

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