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NATIONAL MARINE TURTLE ACTION PLAN

NATIONAL MARINE TURTLE ACTION PLAN

  • The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has released ‘Marine Mega Fauna Stranding Guidelines’ and ‘National Marine Turtle Action Plan’.
  • It aims to conserve both floral and faunal diversity including the marine biodiversity also conservation of marine turtles.

KEY OBJECTIVES OF THE PLAN

  • Many people depend on these resources that range from maritime trade and transport, food, mineral resources, cultural traditions, spiritual values and inspiration that draws tourists from around the world.
  • Improve the understanding of marine turtles and their habitats,through research, monitoring and information exchange.
  • Promote Public awareness and providing education on conservation of marine turtles and their habitats
  •  Increase national, regional and international cooperation on marine turtle conservation

About Marine biodiversity of India

  • India has rich marine biodiversity along a vast coastline of over 7,500 km. From colorful fish, sharks, including Whale Sharks, turtles and big mammals like whales, dolphins and dugongs to bright corals, marine habitats not only harbor diverse species but also provide resources essential for human wellbeing.
  • The marine floral diversity includes 844 species of marine alga (sea weeds) belonging to 217 genera, 14 species of sea grasses and 69 species of mangroves. The marine faunal diversity includes a wide variety of life forum.
  • Apart from sustaining fishing grounds, India’s coastal waters and beaches provide foraging and nesting sites for a variety of marine species, including sea turtles.
  • Five species of sea turtles are known to inhabit Indian coastal waters and islands. These are the Olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea), Green (Chelonia mydas), Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata), Leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) and Loggerhead (Caretta caretta).          NATIONAL MARINE TURTLE ACTION PLAN
  • All the five species are highly migratory and visits parts of our coast and the Bay Islands of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobars for nesting during certain months.
  • India is home to the largest known nesting population of olive ridley turtles. Except Loggerhead turtles, the remaining four species nest along the Indian coastline and islands of India.

 

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Environment & Biodiversity

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