National Investigation Agency
National Investigation Agency
- The National Investigation Agency (NIA) was constituted under the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act, 2008.
- Headquarters: New Delhi
- It is a central agency to investigate and prosecute offences related to terrorism and certain other Act post-2008 Mumbai terror attacks such as:
- Affecting the sovereignty, security and integrity of India, security of State, friendly relations with foreign States.
- Against atomic and nuclear facilities.
- Smuggling in High-Quality Counterfeit Indian Currency.
- It implements international treaties, agreements, conventions and resolutions of the United Nations, its agencies and other international organisations.
National Investigation Agency (NIA) – Regional Offices
- NIA Hyderabad
- NIA Guwahati
- NIA Kochi
- NIA Lucknow
- NIA Mumbai
- NIA Kolkata
- NIA Raipur
- NIA Jammu
The stated missions of the NIA are as follows:
- Investigate professionally the scheduled offences utilising the latest scientific methods.
- Facilitating a speedy and effective trial.
- Becoming a result-oriented and professional organisation, that upholds the Indian Constitution and the law of the land, and that gives utmost importance to human rights and dignity.
- Creating a professional workforce through the means of regular training and best practices exposure.
- Showing scientific temper and a spirit of progress while discharging their duties.
- Ushering in the latest technology and modern methods in the activities of the NIA.
- Having cordial relations with the central and state governments, and other law enforcement agencies of the country.
- Helping the states and other agencies with the investigation of terror-related cases.
- Create and share with states and other agencies a database of all information to terrorists.
- Analysing terrorism-related laws in India and periodically reviewing them and suggesting any required changes.
- Win the citizens’ confidence by means of fearless and selfless efforts.
National Investigation Agency – Jurisdiction
- The agency has been empowered with all the powers and privileges to conduct investigations under the various acts specified in the Schedule book of NIA act.
- State government authorities can request an investigation by NIA upon approval of Central government within the limits of law specified under the NIA Act.
- The central government can handover cases for investigation to NIA anywhere in India and the officials involved in the handling of these cases are from the IPS and IRS cadre.
Special NIA Courts:
- Various Special Courts have been notified by the Central Government of India for trial of the cases registered at various police stations of NIA under Section 11 and 22 of the NIA Act 2008. Any question as to the jurisdiction of these courts is decided by the Central Government.
- These are presided over by a judge appointed by the Central Government on the recommendation of the Chief Justice of the High Court with jurisdiction in that region.
- Supreme Court of India has also been empowered to transfer the cases from one special court to any other special court within or outside the state if the same is in the interest of justice in light of the prevailing circumstances in any particular state.
- The NIA Special Courts are empowered with all powers of the court of sessions under Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 for trial of any offense.
- An appeal from any judgement, sentence or order, not being an interlocutory order, of a Special Court lies to the High Court both on facts and on law. State Governments have also been empowered to appoint one or more such special courts in their states.
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