- National Integration in India is very important to enhance unity among all sections of society in a country like India, which is replete with diversity in many spheres of life.
- This article helps one understand the role of the education system, cinema, people from middle class background, working class, intellectuals, different multinational companies and media in promoting National Integration.
- There were three aspects of the Constitution which helped immensely in promoting national integration. The very first was the Preamble, beginning with the letters, “We the people of India”, i.e. Bharat.
- Then, the Fundamental Rights, enshrined in the constitution, that guarantee equal rights to all- irrespective of religion, region, caste, sex, creed, etc.
- The Directive Principles of state policy that directs states in taking steps towards bringing equality, justice, liberty to all.
- The ideals of the Preamble are to be established through the Directive Principles of State Policy. It is these three facets of our Constitution, when read together, aim at creating conditions for an egalitarian society in which individual freedoms are secure.
National Integration Council
- It is an extra-constitutional body.
- Chaired by: Prime Minister of India.
- Composition: Council members include Cabinet ministers, Chief Ministers of states, political leaders, Chairman of the University Grants Commission, Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, representatives of industry, business and trade unions.
- Background: The NIC was constituted to combat the evils of communalism, casteism, regionalism, and linguism as a follow up of National Integration Conference held under the chairmanship of the then Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961.
- The main task of the council is to examine the problem of national integration in all its aspects and make necessary recommendations to deal with it.
- Meetings: Sixteen meetings of NIC have been held till 2019.
- First meeting of NIC took place in 1962.
- The last meeting of the NIC took place in September 2013 which passed resolution on maintaining communal harmony and ending discrimination by condemning atrocities on Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.