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National Genome Grid

Context: Recently, the government has announced to set up a National Genomic Grid (NGG).

About NGG:

  1. It will study genomic data of cancer patients from India.
  2. It will collect samples from cancer patients, through a network of pan-India collection centres by bringing all cancer treatment institutions on board.
  3. The grid to be formed will be in line with the National Cancer Tissue Biobank (NCTB) set up at the Indian Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.

NCTB:

National Cancer Tissue Biobank (NCTB), is a joint initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India and Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.

  • It collects cancer tissue samples with consent from patients diagnosed with cancer.
  • The aim is to provide researchers with high quality of cancer tissues and the patient data in order to facilitate cancer research that will lead to improvements in cancer diagnosis and treatment.
  • This research is carried out through the technique of Genome Sequencing.

Significance:

  1. Through the National Genomic Grid, the government seeks to boost cancer research and make treatment viable for people of different economic classes.
  2. NGG will help to study genomic factors influencing cancer and identifying the right treatment modalities for the Indian population.

Current Affairs 2020

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