National Ganga River Basin Authority
National Ganga River Basin Authority or the National Council for River Ganga
- The National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) was constituted in the year 2009 under Environment Protection Act, 1986.
- The NGRBA has been constituted to clean Ganga and its tributaries.
- The NGRBA is headed by the prime minister and its members include the chief ministers of various states through which Ganga and its tributaries flow.
- The NGRBA has been formed to ensure coordination among states through which Ganga and its tributaries pass and to ensure action at the highest level.
- The NGRBA has been given the actual powers of execution and is not just an advisory body.
- In July 2014, the NGRBA has been transferred from the Ministry of Environment and Forests to the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, formerly called Ministry of Water Resources.
- The Central Government, in a notification issued in 2016, has taken a decision under River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order 2016 for a new body named ‘National Council for River Ganga—Rejuvenation, Protection and Management’ (NCRG)—to replace the existing NGRBA.
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority
- The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) was constituted under Forest Conservation Act, 1980.
- The CAMPA is responsible for the management of money received for compensatory afforestation and undertake compensatory afforestation due to diversion of land for commercial activates.
- The funds can be used for treatment of catchment areas, assisted natural generation, forest management, wildlife protection and management, relocation of villages from protected areas, managing human-wildlife conflicts, training and awareness generation, supply of wood saving devices and allied activities.