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National Biodiversity Authority and State Biodiversity Boards

National Biodiversity Authority and State Biodiversity Boards

National Biodiversity Authority

  • The National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) was established in 2003 to implement Biological Diversity Act, 2002. Its headquarters is located in Chennai.
  • The NBA is a statutory, autonomous, regulatory and an advisory body on conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilisation of biological resources.

Functions of NBA are as follows:

  • It advises the Central Government on issues relating to the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilisation of biological resources.
  • Any person seeking any kind of intellectual rights on biological resource or knowledge obtained from India has to get prior approval of NBA.
  • The NBA imposes conditions for benefit sharing before granting approval.
  • The NBA advises the state governments in the selection of areas of biodiversity importance and measures for the management of such sites.
  • It ensures protection of knowledge of local people relating to biodiversity through measures such as registration of such knowledge.
  • The NBA may take measures, on behalf of the Central Government, to oppose grant of any intellectual property right in any country on commercial product derived from any biological resource from India or on knowledge associated with such biological resource.              National Biodiversity Authority and State Biodiversity BoardsState Biodiversity Boards
  • The State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) have been set up under Biodiversity Act 2002.
  • Like NBA, the SBBs advice the state governments on conservation, sustainable use of biological resources and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilisation of biological resources.
  • Regulate by granting of approvals or otherwise requests for commercial utilisation or bio-survey and bio-utilisation of any biological resource by Indians;
  • It perform such other functions as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act or as may be prescribed by the State Government.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/biodiversity-in-india/

Environment & Biodiversity

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