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National Ayush Mission

National Ayush Mission

Why in news?

  • The government has decided to continue the National Ayush Mission (NAM) as a centrally sponsored scheme till 2026.
  • The project will have a total cost of Rs. 4,603 crore, of which the Centre will bear Rs 3,000 crore share, and the states will cover the rest.
  • Recently, new portals on the Ayush sector were also launched.

National Ayush Mission

  • Mission aims to provide good AYUSH services, with universal access by upgrading AYUSH hospitals and dispensaries, co-location of AYUSH facilities at PHCs, community health centres, and district hospital.
  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme introduced in 2014 and has been extended further till 2020.
  • AYUSH systems of medicine, namely Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Sowa-Rigpa and Homoeopathy.

Components of the Mission

  • Mandatory Components (80% of the Resource pool)
    • AYUSH Services (including co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals(DH)
    • AYUSH Educational Institution
    • Quality Control of ASU &H Drugs, Medicinal Plants
    • School Health Programme: to address both physical and mental health needs of School going children using Yoga and counselling
  • Flexible Components (20% of resource pool)
    • AYUSH Wellness Centres including Yoga & Naturopathy
    • IEC activities,
    • Tele-medicine
    • Crop Insurance for Medicinal Plants
    • Public Private Partnership provision and Interest subsidy component for Private AYUSH educational Institutions.
    • Monitoring and Evaluation – Dedicated MIS monitoring and evaluation cell would be established at Centre/ State level.

AYUSH Gram

  • one village per block will be selected where AYUSH based lifestyles are promoted.
  • It has been decided to operationalize 10% of the Health and Wellness Centers (HWCs) of the Ayushman Bharat Scheme through the Ministry of AYUSH through State / UT Governments.
  • So, 1,032 AYUSH Dispensaries under NAM will be upgraded as AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres.
  • Subsidy is being given to farmers for cultivation of medicinal plants.                  National Ayush Mission

Meaning of ‘Ayush’

  • Traditional & Non-Conventional Systems of Health Care and Healing Which Include Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homoeopathy etc.
  • The positive features of the Indian systems of medicine namely their diversity and flexibility; accessibility; affordability, a broad acceptance by a large section of the general public; comparatively lesser cost and growing economic value, have great potential to make them providers of healthcare that the large sections of our people need.

Expected Outcomes

  • Better access to AYUSH healthcare services through increased healthcare facilities and better availability of medicines and trained manpower.
  • Improvement in AYUSH education through a well-equipped enhanced number of AYUSH Educational institutions.            National Ayush Mission
  • To focus on reducing communicable/non-communicable diseases through targeted public health programmes using AYUSH systems of Healthcare.

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/project-75i-india/

Mussoorie Times

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