- In 1738-39, Nadir Shah descended upon the plains of northern India.
- Nadir Shah was attracted to India by the fabulous wealth for which it was always famous.
- The visible weakness of the Mughal Empire made such spoliation possible.
- Nadir Shah marched on to Delhi and the Emperor Muhammad Shah was taken as prisoner.
- A terrible massacre of the citizens of the imperial capital was ordered by Nadir Shah as a reprisal against the killing of some of his soldiers.
- The greedy invader Nadir Shah took possession of the royal treasury and other royal property, levied tribute on the leading nobles, and plundered Delhi.
- Nadir Shah’s total plunder has been estimated about 70 crores of rupees.
- This enabled him to exempt taxation of his own Kingdom for three years.
- also carried away the famous Koh-i-nur diamond and the Jewel-studded Peacock Throne of Shahjahan.
- compelled Muhammad Shah to cede to him all the provinces of the Empire falling west of the river Indus.
- Nadir Shah’s Invasion inflicted immense damage on the Mughal Empire.
- It caused an irreparable loss of prestige and exposed the hidden weaknesses of the Empire to the Maratha Sardars and the foreign trading companies.
- The invasion ruined imperial finances and adversely affected the economic life of the country.
- The impoverished nobles began to rack-rent and oppress the peasantry even more in an effort to recover their lost fortunes.
- The loss of Kabul and the areas to the west of the Indus once again opened the Empire to the threat of invasions from the North-West.
- A vital line of defense had disappeared.
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Aurangzeb’s passing had made a void in the Mughal realm which none of his successors could fill. Visit battles for honored position and disloyalty of pastors had brought about the debilitating of the realm. who from being a head of dacoits had turned into the ruler of Persia, saw the feeble domain as an opportunity.
In 1738, Nadir Shah continued to attack India. The reason for the attack being that the Mughal head Muhammad Shah had offended the Persian agent at the illustrious court of Delhi. He overran the western boondocks of Mughal realm catching Ghazni, Kabul and Lahore in 1739. At the point when Nadir Shah crossed Khyber pass the Governor of Punjab asked for the Mughal realm to strengthen the protections in Punjab, however the then Mughal sovereign Muhammad Shah turned a hard of hearing ear towards his veritable demand.
Before long Nadir Shah raged Punjab, Muhammad Shah understanding the peril asked Khan Dauran and Nizam-ul-Mulk to lead the Mughal powers against Nadir Shah. Yet, the two declined, so eventually Muhammad Shah chose to lead the powers himself. The two powers met at Karnal, however soon the Mughal powers were enclosed and crushed. The Nawab of Awadh Saadat Khan was considered detainee and Khan Dauran was important injured.
The thrashing of the Mughal armed force made perplexity in their positions. The Nizam assumed the part of middle person and convinced Nadir Shah to profit to Persia for accepting 20 million rupees. Mughal ruler satisfied with Nizam presented him the title of ‘Amir-Ul-Umra’ and furthermore named him the Prime Minister. Envious Saadat Khan moved toward Nadir Khan and disclosed to him that he ought not get happy with such a unimportant entirety which even a commonplace senator can give him. This electrifyingly affected the Persian ruler and the loftiness of Delhi flashed before his eyes.
Triumphant Nadir Shah entered Delhi alongside the lowered Mughal Emperor. The keys of the Delhi post and fortune had just been surrendered. A sum was additionally settled with Nadir Shah as a condition for his arrival. In any case, gossip spread that Nadir Shah has been slaughtered. Mobs were started off in Delhi in which couple of Persian officers were executed. As Nadir Shah knew about this he straightaway rode into the city, in the city he saw the carcasses of Persian troopers lying in the city. Close to the Sunhari masjid of Roshnuddola, a few people heaved stones at him likewise a stray shot executed a Persian fighter. He was incensed, he requested a general slaughter at each one of those territories where the assemblages of Persian warriors were found. Subsequently on eleventh of walk 1739 natives of Delhi were pillaged and butchered, a few history specialists say that about 0.2 million individuals were executed.
Nadir Shah on his arrival subsequent to looting and butchering Delhites for 57 days, took with him the celebrated ‘Peacock royal position’ worked by Shahjahan and the amazing ‘Koh-I-noor’ alongside 600 million rupees worth of adornments, gold worth 10 million rupees and coins worth 6 million rupees. His aggregate gathering of goods was worth 700 million rupees and furthermore took care to incorporate into his prepare 100 elephants, 7000 specialists, 100 stone-cutters and 200 craftsmen.
Nadir Shah’s intrusion completed a hopeless harm to the Mughal domain. Mughal regions over the Indus were withdrawn to the Persians. Later on propelled by the jokes of Nadir Shah his successor Ahmad Shah Abdali too attacked India a few times in the vicinity of 1748 and 1767 and looted Delhi.