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The Muslim League also decided to give full support to the Congress and its agitation on political questions.

February 1920:

  • In early 1920, a joint Hindu-Muslim deputation was sent to the viceroy to seek redress of grievances on the issue of Khilafat, but the mission proved abortive.

In February 1920:

  • Gandhi announced that the issues of the Punjab wrongs and constitutional advance had been overÂ-shadowed by the Khilafat question and that he would soon lead a movement of non-cooperation if the terms of the peace treaty failed to satisfy the Indian Muslims.

May 1920:

  • The Treaty of Sevres with Turkey, signed in May 1920, completely dismembered Turkey.

June 1920:

  • An all-party conference at Allahabad approved a programme of boycott of schools, colleges and law courts, and asked Gandhi to lead it.

August 31, 1920:

  • The Khilafat Committee started a campaign of non-cooperation and the movement was formally launched. (Tilak had, incidentally, breathed his last on August 1, 1920.)

September 1920:

  • At a special session in Calcutta, the Congress approved a non-cooperation programme till the Punjab and Khilafat wrongs were removed and swaraj was established.
  • The programme was to include:
  1. Boycott of government schools and colleges;
  2. Boycott of law courts and dispensation of justice through Panchayats instead;                      MUSLIM LEAGUE SUPPORT TO CONGRESS IN 1920
  3. Boycott of Legislative Councils; (there were some differences over this as some leaders like C.R. Das were not willing to include a boycott of councils, but bowed to Congress discipline; these leaders boycotted elections held in November 1920 and the majority of the voters too stayed away);
  4. Boycott of foreign cloth and use of khadi instead; also practice of hand-spinning to be done;                          MUSLIM LEAGUE SUPPORT TO CONGRESS IN 1920
  5. Renunciation of government honours and titles; the second phase could include mass civil disobedience including resignation from government service, and non-payment of taxes.
  • During the movement, the participants were supposed to work for Hindu-Muslim unity and for removal of untouchability, all the time remaining non-violent.

December 1920:

  • At the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress:
  1. The programme of non-cooperation was endorsed;                                                          MUSLIM LEAGUE SUPPORT TO CONGRESS IN 1920
  2. An important change was made in Congress creed: now, instead of having the attainment of self-government through constitutional means as its goal, the Congress decided to have the attainment of swaraj through peaceful and legitimate means, thus committing itself to an extra- constitutional mass struggle;
  3. Some important organisational changes were made: a Congress Working Committee (CWC) of 15 members was set up to lead the Congress from now onwards; Provincial Congress Committees on linguistic basis were organised; ward committees was organised; and entry fee was reduced to four annas.            MUSLIM LEAGUE SUPPORT TO CONGRESS IN 1920
  4. Gandhi declared that if the non-cooperation programme was implemented completely, swaraj would be ushered in within a year.
  • Many groups of revolutionary terrorists, especially those from Bengal, also pledged support to the Congress programme.          MUSLIM LEAGUE SUPPORT TO CONGRESS IN 1920
  • At this stage, some leaders like Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, G.S. Kharpade and B.C. Pal left the Congress as they believed in a constitutional and lawful struggle while some others like Surendranath Banerjee founded the Indian National Liberal Federation and played a minor role in national politics henceforward.
  • The adoption by the Congress of the non-cooperation movement initiated earlier by the Khilafat Committee gave it a new energy, and the years 1921 and 1922 saw an unprecedented popular upsurge.                                                            MUSLIM LEAGUE SUPPORT TO CONGRESS IN 1920


Modern History