MOUNTBATTEN PLAN- 3rd JUNE 1947
MOUNTBATTEN PLAN- 3RD JUNE 1947
- The freedom with partition formula was coming to be widely accepted well before Mountbatten came. One major innovation was immediate transfer of power on the basis of grant of dominion status thus obviating the need to wait for an agreement I the CA on a new political structure.
- The Plan declared that power would be handed over by 15 August 1947 on the basis of dominion status to India and Pakistan. Mountbatten supported the Congress stand that the princely states must not be given the option of independence.
- They would either join India or Pakistan. Boundary Commission was to be headed by Radcliff. Mountbatten plan was to divide India but retain maximum unity.
Salient Features of the Mountbatten Plan:
- If the areas with the majority of the Muslim population so desired, they should be allowed to form a separate Dominion. A new Constituent Assembly Â«would be set up for that purpose.
- But there would be a partition of Bengal and the Punjab if the representatives of the Hindu majority districts in the Legislatures of those Provinces so desired.
- The referendum would be taken in the North-West Frontier Province to ascertain whether it should join Pakistan or not. MOUNTBATTEN PLAN- 3rd JUNE 1947
- The district of Sylhet would be joined to the Muslim area in Bengal after the views of the people had been ascertained by a referendum.
- Boundary Commissions would be set up to define the boundaries of the Hindu and Muslim Provinces in Bengal and the Punjab.
- The Princely States would be free to join either of the two Dominions or to remain independent, and whatever treaties were signed with them would soon end.
- Parliament would undertake legislation to transfer power before the end of 1947 to one or two successor authorities on a Dominion Status basis, but without prejudice to the Constituent Assemblies deciding whether to stay in the Commonwealth or not. MOUNTBATTEN PLAN- 3rd JUNE 1947
MOUNTBATTEN AS THE VICEROY
- Mountbatten proved more decisive and quick in taking decisions than his predecessors because he was informally given more powers to decide things, on the spot, and he had the advantage of a firm decision of the British Government to quit at the earliest.
- His task was to explore the options of unity and division till Oct 1947 and then advise the British Government on the form of transfer of power. but he soon discovered that the broad contours of the scenario to emerge were discernible even before he came. MOUNTBATTEN PLAN- 3rd JUNE 1947
- The Cabinet Mission Plan was a dead Horse and Jinnah was obdurate that he would settle for nothing less than a sovereign state. But a serious attempt at unity would involve supporting those forces which wanted a unified India and countering those who opposed if Mountbatten preferred to woo both sides. MOUNTBATTEN PLAN- 3rd JUNE 1947