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MCQs 25-04-2018

 

 

1.Consider the following statements about the Malvi’s adder’s-tongue.

  • It is the world’s smallest fern.
  • It is found in Eastern Ghats region of India.

 

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • Malvi’s adder’s-tongue has recently been discovered in the Western Ghats region in Gujarat’s Dang district.
  • Ferns are seasonal and mostly grow with first monsoon rains.
  • They are not very common even in the locality they are found in.

 

  1. Consider the following statements with respect to Khongjom Day celebrated in Manipur.
  • This day marks the commemoration of the Anglo-Manipur War of 1885.
  • British lost the war and this marked the beginning of freedom of Manipur from the British Raj.

 

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: d

Explanation:

  • The battle was fought between the Kingdom of Manipur and the British Empire in 1891 and this day marks the commemoration of the Anglo-Manipur War.
  • Manipur lost the war and this marked the beginning of British rule in the then princely state.

 

  1. Which of the following are not bordering countries to the Caspian Sea?
  • Kazakhstan
  • Georgia
  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan

 

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  • 1 and 3 only
  • 2 and 3 only
  • 1, 2 and 4 only
  • 2 and 4 only

 

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • The Caspian Sea has no outflows and is bordered by the countries of Kazakhstan, Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan.

 

  1. 4. Which of the following journalist is being awarded UNESCO’s Guillermo Cano Press Freedom prize 2018?
  • Mazen Darwish
  • Dawit Isaak
  • Mahmoud Abu Zeid
  • Khadija Ismayilova

 

Answer: c

Explanation:

  • Egyptian photojournalist, Mahmoud Abu-Zeid, has won the 2018 Press Freedom Prize by the UN Cultural Agency (UNESCO).
  • He is currently under arrest since 2013 as he photographed security forces dispersing an anti-government sit-in, during which hundreds of protesters and several security forces members were killed.
  • The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions has qualified his arrest and detention as arbitrary and contrary to the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
  1. Consider the following statements in regard to Irrawaddy Dolphin.
  • India is home to the largest population of Irrawaddy dolphins.
  • The Irrawaddy dolphin lives in both salt water and freshwater.
  • The population of Irrawaddy dolphin has been constantly falling since decades.

 

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • 2 and 3 only
  • All of the above

 

Answer: b

Explanation:  

  • Cambodia is home to the largest population of Irrawaddy dolphins.
  • The Irrawaddy dolphin lives in both salt- and freshwater, and is found in a few locations in South and Southeast Asia.
  • The population of Cambodia’s river dolphin (According to 2018 survey), Irrawaddy Dolphin, is growing for the first time in decades.

 

  1. Two-day coastal security exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’ to strengthen and assess the loopholes in the coastal security mechanism was recently held at……….?
  • Kerala
  • Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Odisha

 

Answer: a

Explanation:

  • Two-day coastal security exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’ to strengthen and assess the loopholes in the coastal security mechanism was held along Kerala coast.
  • The exercise saw participation of Indian Coast Guard (ICG), Indian Navy, Coastal Police and Marine Enforcement wing and various other security stakeholders.
  • It saw participation of three ships of India Navy, 10 of ICG, four fishing boats, besides 20 coastal police stations from Vizhinjam to Kasaragod.

 

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding pollution in India.
  • India ranks 77 in Environmental Performance Index globally.
  • Air pollution in India is extremely fatal due to the presence of PM2.5 in the air.

 

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: b

Explanation:

  • India is among the bottom five countries on the Environmental Performance Index 2018, plummeting 36 points from 141 in 2016, according to a biennial report by Yale and Columbia Universities along with the World Economic Forum.
  • While India is at the bottom of the list in the environmental health category, it ranks 178 out of 180 as far as air quality is concerned.

 

 

  1. Consider the following statements in relation to the ‘Adopt a heritage’ program?
  • The project plans to entrust heritage sites/monuments and other tourist sites only to private sector companies with a CSR of more than 1 crore.
  • They would become ‘Monument Mitras’ and adopt the sites to provide basic and advanced amenities of the tourist destinations.
  • The project would cover top 100 natural and cultural sites across India.

 

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

  • 1 and 2 only
  • 2 only
  • 1 and 3 only
  • All of the above

 

Answer:

Explanation:

  • The project plans to entrust heritage sites/monuments and other tourist sites to private sector companies, public sector companies and individuals for the development of tourist amenities. (CSR limit is not the criteria).
  • They would become ‘Monument Mitras’ and adopt the sites. The basic and advanced amenities of the tourist destinations would be provided by them.
  • The project would begin with 93 ASI ticketed monuments and would be expanded to as many possible other natural and cultural sites across India.

 

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