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MCQs 17-04-2018

 

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1.Consider the following statements about OPEC

  • The OPEC is an intergovernmental organization of 14 oil-exporting developed nations of the world.
  • Its headquarters are in Vienna, Austria.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: b

Explanation: The OPEC is an intergovernmental organization of 14 oil-exporting developing nations of the world. OPEC Members are Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia (de facto leader of OPEC), Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (from Asia and Middle East); Algeria, Angola, Libya, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon (from Africa); Ecuador and Venezuela (from South/Latin America).

  1. Consider the following statements with respect to Zika virus
  • Zika virus is vector borne disease transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
  • It can also spread through blood transfusion and sexual contact.
  • Children born to Zika patients have an abnormally large head
  • There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available to treat Zika.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

  • 1 and 2 only
  • 1 only
  • 1, 2 and 4 only
  • All of the above

 

Answer: c

Explanation: It is capable of causing serious birth defects i.e. neurological disorders and foetal deformation known as Microcephaly in which infants are born with abnormally smaller heads and with compromised immune system.

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding nuclear power in India
  • Nuclear power is the third-largest source of electricity in India.
  • Kudankulam-1 is the largest power generating unit in India.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: b

Explanation: Nuclear power is the fifth-largest source of electricity in India after coal, gas, hydroelectricity and wind power.

 

  1. Programme Laqshya is aimed at which of the following?
  • Improving dropout rates in primary and secondary education.
  • Improving quality of care in labour room and maternity operation theatre.
  • Achieving the sanitation targets in India in alignment to the SDG goals.
  • Opening bank account of every girl in India.

Answer: b

Explanation: It is an initiative to improve the quality of care in the labour rooms, operation theatres and other mother and child areas in public health facilities across the country. The programme aims at implementing ‘fast-track’ interventions for achieving tangible results within 18 months.

 

  1. What is an ‘E-way’ bill or the electronic way bill?
  • It is generated for movement of goods for interstate transport.
  • The total value of goods must exceed one lakh for e-way bill generation.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: d

Explanation: It is generated for movement of goods for either interstate or intrastate transport. The total value of goods must exceed fifty thousand for e-way bill generation under the current GST Scheme.

 

  1. Which of the following is true regarding cruise missile?
  • It is an unmanned missile
  • It delivers large warheads over long distances
  • It is capable of travelling at supersonic and high subsonic speeds.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

  • 1 and 2 only
  • 3 only
  • 1 and 3 only
  • All of the above

 

Answer: d

Explanation: Cruise missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high precision. Modern cruise missiles are capable of travelling at supersonic or high subsonic speeds, are self-navigating, and are able to fly on a non-ballistic, extremely low-altitude trajectory.

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding Generalized System of Preferences.
  • It is a preferential tariff system which provides for a formal system of exemption from the more general rules of the World Trade Organization.
  • GSP does not exempt WTO member countries from MFN for the purpose of lowering tariffs for the least developed countries.
  • It includes tarrifs on Industrial products alone.

Which of the above statement is/are incorrect?

  • 1 only
  • 1 and 2 only
  • 2 and 3 only
  • None

 

Answer: c

Explanation: GSP exempts WTO member countries from MFN for the purpose of lowering tariffs for the least developed countries, without also lowering tariffs for rich countries. It includes tariffs on a wide range of Industrial and agricultural products.

 

  1. Consider the following statements in relation to the ‘Gram swaraj abhiyan’.
  • The scheme is based on principle of convergence and saturation.
  • The initiative aims for 100% coverage of seven schemes launched by Central Government.
  • Scheme will provide poor villages free LPG connections, electricity supply, Jan Dhan accounts, etc.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

  • 1 and 2 only
  • 3 only
  • 1 and 3 only
  • All of the above

 

Answer: d

Explanation: The objective of the campaign is to promote social harmony, spread awareness about pro-poor initiatives of government, and reach out to poor households to enroll them as also to obtain their feedback on various welfare programmes. Government has appointed dozens of directors and deputy secretaries to push its flagship programmes to “100% saturation” in rural areas.

The identified schemes under the abhiyan are as follows.

  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
  • Saubhagya
  • Ujala scheme
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
  • Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana and
  • Mission Indradhanush.

 

  1. Consider the following statements regarding National Building Construction Corporation 
  • It is a blue-chip GoI Navratna Enterprise under the Ministry of Urban Development.
  • It is the sole land authorising agency for central undertakings.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: c

Explanation: It engages in the Government Real Estate Development & Construction business. The Company has been notified as a Public Works Organization (PWO) explicitly. NBCC is also designated as the implementing agency for executing projects under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY), Solid Waste Management (SWM) and developmental work in North Eastern Region.

 

  1. Which is true in context to the recent e-FRRO Scheme launched by the government?
  • e-FRRO is a web-based application aimed at providing fast and efficient services to foreigners visiting India.
  • It is being implemented by the Ministry of External affairs.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

  • 1 only
  • 2 only
  • Both 1 and 2
  • Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answer: a

Explanation: e-FRRO Scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs under the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) of the Ministry.

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