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Literature in Vijaynagar Period (1336-1565)

Literature in Vijaynagar Period (1336-1565)

  • The rulers patronized Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil and Kannada. There began and climaxed the august age of Telugu literature.
  • Telugu: Upto 1500 AD most of the books were written in the form of translations. Famous scholars were Srinatha, Pothana, Jakkama and Duggana, who translated Sanskrit and Prakrit works into telugu.
  • During Bukka l’s time, Gangadevi wrote Madura Vijayam, it is story of victory of Kumara Kampanna Udayar over Madurai.              Literature in Vijaynagar Period (1336-1565)
  • Devaraya I contructed a Peral hall to honour the scholars.
  • Devaraya II wrote two Sanskrit works, one of whch is Mahantaka Sudhanidhi and the other is a commentary on the Brahmasutras of Badrayana. Devraya II gave the title of Kanakkabhisekha to Srinatha who wrote Sringara Naishada, Sivaratrimahatyam, Kasikandha, Bhimkanda, Harivilasam and Panditaradhya Charita.
  • Bommara Pothana popularly known as Niyogi translated the Bhagwat Purana into telugu and also wrote Virbhadra Vijayam.                    Literature in Vijaynagar Period (1336-1565)
  • Krishnadeva Raya is known as ‘Andhra Bhoja’. He wrote ‘Amuktamalyada’, a book on polity in Telugu and also a Sanskrit drama ‘Jambavati Kalyanam’. His court was adorned by eight celebrated poets called Ashtadiggajas. Nanditimmana wrote Parijata — apaharanam.
  • Allasani Peddana (Andhrakavi Pitamaha) wrote Manucharitam and Harikathasarammsamu.
  • Tenaliramakrishna wrote Pandurangamahatyam.
  • Dharajati wrote Kalahastimahatyam.
  • Madayya wrote Rajasekharacharitam.
  • Pingali Suranna wrote Raghavapandaviyam and Prabhavari Pradyumna.
  • Ramabhadra wrote Sakaramatasara Sangraham.
  • Ramaraja Bhusan wrote Narasabhupaliyam and Harischandra — Nalopakhyanam.
  • Achyuta Raya patronised Rajanatha and the poetess Tirumalambadevi who wrote Vardambika Parinayam.
  • Ramaraya patronized Ramayamatya, an authority on music.
  • Tirumala commented on Jayadeva’s Gitagovinda. Vaishnavite Saint poetess Molla wrote Mollaramayana in the times of Tirumala, Bhattamurthi, a scholar wrote Vasucharita in times of Tirumala.
  • Dikshitar wrote a commentary on the Vedas and explained Advaita Philosophy. Vemana wrote Vemanasatakas, moralist literature in Telugu,                  Literature in Vijaynagar Period (1336-1565)
  • Elugandi Peddana translated Leelavati, a maths book into Telugu.

Kannada: also made significant progress.

  • Narahari (Kumaravalmiki) composed a popular version of Ramayana called Torve Ramayan.
  • Kumaravyas composed Mahabharata in Kannada
  • Vithalnath translated Bhagwat Purana into Kannada
  • Vaishnav Saints Purandhardas, Kanakdas and Sripathraja contributed to Kannada literature through Bhakti songs and Kirthans.
  • Virshaivas also contributed to the growth of Kannada literature.
  • Bhimakavi wrote Basava Purana.
  • Chamarasa wrote Prabhulinglai.
  • Virupaksha Pandit wrote Chennabasva Purana.  Literature in Vijaynagar Period (1336-1565)

ALSO READ : https://www.brainyias.com/ancient-literature/

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