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Land Pooling in India

Land Pooling in India

What is Land pooling?

  • Under the land pooling mechanism, a group of land-owners pool their land and hand it over to government agency for the development of infrastructure projects.
  • After the development of land, the agency redistributes the land after deducting some portion as compensation towards infrastructure costs.
  • Generally, people who part with their land parcels get 60-70% of their holdings back after the infrastructure is developed on it.
  • This is done to develop potential infrastructure to reduce the load on the existing congested and saturated areas.
  • This method already has been used in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.

Land Pooling Policy of Delhi  

  • Land Pooling is a new paradigm for the urban development of Delhi, wherein the private sector will play an active role in assembling land and developing physical and social infrastructure.
  • Under the Land Pooling Policy, 60% of pooled land would be returned to landowners after infrastructure development, if the pooled land is 20 hectares and above and 48% if the land pooled, is between 2 and 20 hectares.
  • Of the 60% of returned land, 53% will be for residential purpose, 5% for city-level commercial use and 2% for Public and Semi-public use.
  • Delhi Development Authority (DDA) has formulated a Master Plan 2021 for Delhi to improve city planning in the divided zones under the Land Pooling Policy (LPP).
  • Land Pooling Policy is the consolidation of small land parcels to make them into one larger land for construction in order to accommodate the residential and commercial solutions to the people of Delhi NCR.
  • Under the Land Pooling Policy of Master Plan Delhi-2021, the national capital region will begin the smart city plan.
  • As per the Master Plan Delhi-2021, 6 Zones amongst a total of 15 zones come under the Land Pooling Policy. These zones are J Zone of South Delhi, K Zone of South West Delhi, and L zone in West Delhi. These zones will attract population and thus the difficulty of housing solutions will be fixed under the LPP.

Who can participate in the Land Pooling Policy?

  • The Policy is open to all landowners who own land in the areas notified by DDA/Government under the Policy.
  • Landowners with any size of land may participate as per the application process specified in the Regulations.

Key Amendments | Land Pooling in India   

  • Enabling farmers to pay development charges.
  • Timely development of infrastructure.
  • Full utilization of approved floor area ratio (FAR).
  • Mandatory EWS housing units.
  • 95 villages are coming together to develop.
  • Urbanization of 20,000 hectares of land.
  • 48-60 percent of the land to be returned back to the owners.
  • Provision of 14-16 lakh housing units in Delhi.

Major benefits of Land Pooling Policy  

  • Better revenue for the landowners and the government.
  • The archaic Land Acquisition Policy has been mastered by the LPP, thus promoting proper land-use and bringing out transparency in land management.
  • PPP Model has been introduced, and it is the first time the government sector is working with private entities to construct quality development in the prescribed zones.
  • Better living at affordable prices.

Areas under the ambit of this policy

  • To compensate for the 50-60k acres of land requirement in the upcoming years, areas like Narela, Najafgarh, and Bawana will witness land pooling and development.
  • About 89 of the 95 villages have been listed as urban villages that will accommodate development.
  • This system is a part of the master plan for Delhi-2021 according to which the city of Delhi will be developed.

Special Provisions for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS)

  • As per the master plan, the developer entity will assure sufficient provision of EWS and other housing as per the Shelter Policy of the Plan.
  • Aside from this, the developer entity shall also declare the prescribed built-up spaces, EWS dwelling units, and LIG Housing components to the DDA as per the policy.
  • The EWS Housing unit size range within 32- 40 square meters.
  • 50% of EWS housing stock to be maintained by DE for regulated sale for community service personnel and the remaining 50% to be sold to DDA, which will be improved as per CPWD index at the time of handing over.

Development Framework and Control Measures

  • The Government/ DDA will be answerable for creating and implementing a framework for Land Pooling Policy to:
    • Frame detailed regulations including process and a timeline for participation in a time-bound manner. The laws shall be put up in public domain for capturing views of all stakeholders by giving a 30-day time frame
    • Create a dedicated unit for dealing with approvals of Land Pooling applications .            (Land Pooling in India )
    • Create a Single Window Clearance wherein all the agencies accountable for giving time-bound clearances will meet regularly as per notified timelines.
  • DDA shall formulate the following norms pertaining to the policy:
    • The residential Floor Area Ratio (FAR) of 400 for group housing to be applicable on net residential land exclusive of 15 percent FAR reserved for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) housing. Net residential land to be a maximum of 55 percent of gross residential land.
    • This is explaining the concept of building higher to support more population
    • FAR for city-level commercial and city-level public/semi-public development to be 250.
    • Subdivision of residential areas and provision of facilities shall be as per MPD-2021.

Implementation  | Land Pooling in India 

  • Lieutenant Governor Anil Baijal has approved and notified DDA Land Pooling Policy, and the implementation is set to begin once proposals are built on the final draft.
  • Apart from this, the developers have already started pooling land and we can see housing units soon.

Benefit for Delhi residents

  • Being a Delhi citizen, you can expect approximately 25 lakh housing units in the coming 10 years. That means cheap and affordable housing.
  • If you are not a Delhi Resident, you can still invest your money in the land pooling scheme so to be a part of one of the biggest real estate booms in India.

 

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