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Jaunpur: Sharqi dynasty in the 15th and 16th Centuries

Jaunpur: Sharqi dynasty in the 15th and 16th Centuries

The attack by Timur Lane in 1398 on Delhi and the flight of the Tughluq king from his capital exposed the weakness of the Delhi Sultanate and emboldened a number of provincial governors and autonomous principlalities to declare their independence setting the background for the emergence of various provincial dynasties in India in the 15th and 16th centuries.

Jaunpur: Sharqi dynasty

  • Feroz Shah Tughluq founded the town of Jaunpur on the banks of the Gomti river in memory of Mohammed Bin Tughluq (Jauna Khan).

Malik Sarwar Khwaja Jehan:

  • The Provincial governor of Jaunpur was given the title of Malik-us-Sharqi by Nasiruddin Mohammed Tughluq, the last Tughluq ruler.
  • Malik Sarwar proclaimed independence after Timurlane’s invasion of Delhi in 1398, but he did not assume royal titles.

Malik Mubrak Shah (Qaranfil) (1399-1402):

  • He was the son of Malik Sarwar. He was the first to assume royal titles, issue coins and read the Qutba in his name.  Jaunpur: Sharqi dynasty in the 15th and 16th Centuries

Ibrahim Shah (1402-40):

  • Considered the greatest ruler of Jaunpur. He beautified Jaunpur and made it a centre of art, architecture and learning.

Mahmud Shah (1440-57):

  • He married the daughter of the last Sayyid ruler which led to friction with Bahlul Lodhi.

Hussain Shah (1457-84):

  • He fought with Bahlul Lodhi who defeated Hussain Shah and placed Barbak Shah on the throne and created a fraternity of two kingdoms.    Jaunpur: Sharqi dynasty in the 15th and 16th Centuries

Barbak Shah

  • He was involved in a war with his brother Sikandar Lodhi who defeated Barbak Shah and finally annexed Jaunpur to the Delhi Sultanate.
  • The Sharqis of Jaunpur created a magnificent style of architecture with lofty gates and huge arches.
  • It became a centre of Islamic learning and culture and Jaunpur came to be called as ‘Shiraj of the east’. Malik Mohammed Jaysi, the author of Padmavat lived at Jaunpur.


Medieval History

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