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  • SAGA-220 is a supercomputer built by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). As of May 2011, it is the fastest supercomputer in the nation with a maximum theoretical speed of 220 TFlops. It was unveiled on May 2,2011 by Dr K Radhakrishnan, Chairman, ISRO.
  • The name SAGA-220 stands for Supercomputer for Aerospace with GPU Architecture-220 teraflops. It is located at the supercomputing facility named Satish Dhawan Supercomputing Facility at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram.                                                ISRO SAGA-220
  • The system is being used by scientists to solve complex aeronautical problems. It has been hinted that it will be used to design future space launch vehicles.
  • The supercomputer was fully designed and built by the space centre using commercially available hardware and open-source software components. The system uses as many as 400 NVIDIA Tesla 2070 graphic processing units (GPUs) and an equal number of Intel Quad Core Xeon central processing units (CPUs), supplied by WIPRO, with a high-speed interconnect.
  • In the field of Aeronautics, the country has developed and successfully flown an all-composite trainer aircraft. Projects are in hand for the development of Light Transport Aircraft and Light Combat Aircraft.                                                                ISRO SAGA-220
  • India is becoming one of the world’s powerhouses for scientific research, but there are still challenges to overcome.
  • The country has seen steady increases in government spending on research and development of 15 per cent or more each year, and has a critical mass of “well-educated professionals and a vast pool of scientists and technologists”. Additionally, the private sector is stepping up and providing an increasing proportion of funding.
  • In 2008 the government announced plans to build 30 new universities, eight technology institutes, five new institutes of science education and research, hundreds of polytechnic and vocational schools and thousands of skills development centres.                                                    ISRO SAGA-220
  • The relaxation of India’s bureaucratic framework in the 1990s, which had held back innovation and the economy, has “placed India on a fast-track for economic growth” and “unleashed the scientific capabilities in India’s institutes of science and technology”.                                            ISRO SAGA-220
  • India still only contributes less than three per cent of the global research output and half of its peer-reviewed publications come from just 40 Indian institutions.



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