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INTRODUCTION TO DYARCHY

INTRODUCTION TO DYARCHY

Executive:

  • Dyarchy i.e. rule of two- executive councilors and popular ministers was introduced. The governor was to be the executive head in the province.
  • Subjects were divided into two lists: “reserved” which included subjects such as law and order, finance, land revenue, irrigation, etc., and “transferred” subjects such as education, health, local government, industry, agriculture, excise, etc.
  • The “reserved” subjects were to be administered by the governor through his executive council of bureaucrats, and the “transferred” subjects were to be administered by ministers nominated from among the elected members of the legislative council.
  • The ministers were to be responsible to the legislature and had to resign if a no-confidence motion was passed against them by the legislature, while the executive councilors were not to be responsible to the legislature.                          INTRODUCTION TO DYARCHY
  • In case of failure of constitutional machinery in the province the governor could take over the administration of “transferred” subjects also.
  • The secretary of state and the Governor-General could interfere in respect of “reserved” subjects while in respect of the “transferred” subjects; the scope for their interference was restricted.

Legislature:

  • Provincial Legislative Councils were further expanded- 70% of the members were to be elected.
  • The system of communal and class electorates was further consolidated.
  • Women were also given the right to vote.              INTRODUCTION TO DYARCHY
  • The Legislative Councils could initiate legislation but the governor’s assent was required. The governor could veto bills and issue ordinances.
  • The Legislative Councils could reject the budget but the governor could restore it, if necessary.
  • The legislators enjoyed freedom of speech.                                INTRODUCTION TO DYARCHY

ALSO READ: https://www.brainyias.com/indian-councils-act-1892/

Modern History

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