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INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK TO FIGHT CORRUPTION

INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK TO FIGHT CORRUPTION

The Administrative Vigilance Division of the Department of Personnel & Training is the nodal agency for dealing with Vigilance and Anti-corruption.

Its tasks, inter alia, are to oversee and provide necessary directions to the Government’s programme of maintenance of discipline and eradication of corruption from the public services.

The other institutions and agencies at the Union level are :

  • The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC);
  • Vigilance units in the Ministries/Departments of Government of India, Central public enterprises and other autonomous organisations; and
  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

Central Vigilance Commission:

  • In pursuance of the recommendations made by the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, popularly known as the Santhanam Committee, the Central Vigilance Commission was set up by the Government of India by a Resolution dated 11.2.1964.
  • It was accorded statutory status, consequent upon the judgement of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in Vineet Narain v. Union of India, through the Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003.
  • The CVC advises the Union Government on all matters pertaining to the maintenance of integrity in administration.                          INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK TO FIGHT CORRUPTION
  • It exercises superintendence over the working of the Central Bureau of Investigation, and also over the vigilance administration of various Ministries and other organizations of the Union Government.

Vigilance Units in The Government Of India:

  • All Ministries/Departments in the Union Government have a Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO) who heads the Vigilance Division of the organization concerned, assisting and advising the Secretary or Head of Office in all matters pertaining to vigilance.
  • He also provides a link between his organisation and the Central Vigilance Commission on the one hand and his organisation and the Central Bureau of Investigation on the other.
  • Vigilance functions performed by the CVO include collecting intelligence about corrupt practices of the employees of his organisation; investigating verifiable allegations reported to him; processing investigation reports for further consideration of the disciplinary authority concerned; and referring matters to the Central Vigilance Commission for advice wherever necessary.

The Central Bureau of Investigation:

  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the principal investigative agency of the Union Government in anti-corruption matters.
  • It derives its powers from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946 (DSPE Act) to investigate certain specified offences or classes of offences pertaining to corruption and other kinds of malpractices involving public servants.
  • The Special Police Establishment, which forms a division of the Central Bureau of Investigation, has three units, viz.
  • Anti-corruption Division,
  • Economic Offences Wing, and
  • Special Crimes Division.                                                INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK TO FIGHT CORRUPTION

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