- Information technology (IT) is the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers to store, retrieve and transmit information.
- The acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a microelectronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications are its main fields.
- Some of the modern and emerging fields of Information technology are next generation web technologies, bioinformatics, cloud computing, global information systems, large scale knowledge bases, etc.
- IT is the area of managing technology and spans a wide variety of areas that include computer software, information systems, computer hardware, programming languages but are not limited to things such as processes, and data constructs.
- In short, anything that renders data, information or perceived knowledge in any visual format whatsoever, via any multimedia distribution mechanism, is considered part of the IT domain.
- IT provides businesses with four sets of core services to help execute the business strategy: business process automation, providing information, connecting with customers, and productivity tools.
NATIONAL POLICY ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 2012
- The Policy aims to leverage Information & Communication Technology (ICT) to address the country’s economic and developmental challenges. The policy is rooted in the conviction that ICT has the power to transform the lives of people.
- ICT and Electronics are contributing significantly to the Indian economy, society and governance. IT is a key driver of the knowledge based global economy.
- The right policies and investment in infrastructure can strengthen and enhance India’s position as a global IT power-house.
- Use of IT can transform our economy, enhance equity and lead to improvement in development indices.
- The Policy envisages the growth of the IT market to USD 300 Billion and creation of additional 10 million employments by 2020.
Thrust areas of the policy:
- To increase revenues of IT and ITES (Information Technology Enabled Services) Industry from 100 Billion USD currently to 300 Billion USD by 2020 and expand exports from 69 Billion USD currently to 200 Billion USD by 2020.
- To gain significant global market-share in emerging technologies and Services.
- To promote innovation and R&D in cutting edge technologies and development of applications and solutions in areas like localization, location based services, mobile value added services, Cloud Computing, Social Media and Utility models.
- To encourage adoption of ICTs in key economic and strategic sectors to improve their competitiveness and productivity.
- To provide fiscal benefits to SMEs and Startups for adoption of IT in value creation
- To create a pool of 10 million additional skilled manpower in ICT.
- To make at least one individual in every household e-literate.
- To provide for mandatory delivery of and affordable access to all public services in electronic mode.
- To enhance transparency, accountability, efficiency, reliability and
decentralization in Government and in particular, in delivery of public services.
- To leverage ICT for key Social Sector initiatives like Education, Health, Rural Development and Financial Services to promote equity and quality. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
- To make India the global hub for development of language technologies, to encourage and facilitate development of content accessible in all Indian languages and thereby help bridge the digital divide.
- To enable access of content and ICT applications by differently-abled people to foster inclusive development.
- To leverage ICT for expanding the workforce and enabling life-long learning.
- To strengthen the Regulatory and Security Framework for ensuring a Secure and legally compliant Cyberspace ecosystem.
- To adopt Open standards and promote open source and open technologies
The policy attempts to optimally leverage India’s global edge in ICT to advance national competitiveness in other sectors, particularly those of strategic and economic importance.
The Policy will promote an inclusive and equitable society. The Policy is oriented towards use of ICT to consciously promote decentralization and empowerment of citizens. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY