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Indian Labour Conference

Indian Labour Conference

Why in news?

  • Recently, the Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (labour union) wrote to the Prime Minister asking him to convene the Indian Labour Conference (ILC).
  • It argued that since Indian Parliament has ratified Convention No 144 of the International Labour Organisation, it is now India’s legal obligation to hold the ILC in order to strengthen the tripartite mechanism.

About Indian Labour Conference

  • The Indian Labour Conference (ILC) is the apex level tripartite consultative committee in the Ministry of Labour & Employment to advise the Government on the issues concerning working class of the country.
  • Members: All the 12 Central Trade Union Organisations, Central Organisations of employers, all State Governments and Union Territories and Central Ministries/Departments concerned with the agenda items, are the members of the ILC.
  • The first meeting of the Indian Labour Conference) was held in 1942 and so far a total of 46 Sessions have been held.
  • 46th Session of Indian Labour Conference was held in July, 2015 at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi.
  • The agenda of the ILC is finalised by the Standing Labour Committee which is again a tripartite body after detailed discussions.
  • The ILC was held every year or after two years in exceptional circumstances.
  • It was only during the Emergency that the ILC was not held.
  • The ILC was required to uphold the noble tradition of tripartism in the country and that India being a founding member of the International Labour Organisation had traditionally upheld the high ideals of tripartism.
  • India also has a legal obligation to do so since the Indian Parliament has ratified Convention No. 144 of the ILO related to strengthening tripartite mechanism.


  • Indian Labour Conference discusses and deliberates on significant issues aimed at improving the welfare of the workers.
  • Notable contributions have been emanated by this forum including the Minimum wage fixing methodology and standing orders for employment.

Some Government Initiatives for the Working Class

  • New Labour Codes, 2020
  • Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan
  • National Pension Scheme for Traders, Shopkeepers and Self-Employed Persons
  • Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana

Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh

  • The Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (Indian Workers’ Union) is one of the trade union organizations in India.
  • It was founded by Dattopant Thengadi in 1955.
  • According to provisional statistics from the Ministry of Labour, the BMS had a membership of 6,215,797 in 2002.
  • The BMS is not affiliated to any International Trade Union Confederation.
  • It is the labour wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and forms part of the Sangh Parivar.


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