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India Mauritius Defence Relations

India Mauritius Defence Relations

Why in news?

  • India and Mauritius signed a $100 million Defence Line of Credit agreement
  • This agreement is part of the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA) between India and Mauritius.
  • The India-Mauritius CECPA is the first trade agreement signed by India with a country in Africa.
  • Using the new framework under the CECPA, India and Mauritius would provide preferential access to a number of items like surgical equipment, medicine, and textile products that would cater to market requirements on both sides.
  • The Agreement is a limited agreement, which will cover Trade in Goods, Rules of Origin, Trade in Services, Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures, Dispute Settlement, Movement of Natural Persons, Telecom, Financial services, Customs Procedures and Cooperation in other Areas

Defence Agreements

  • India and Mauritius increased the defence ties with India extending a defence line of credit (LOC) of $100 million to Mauritius.
  • Another agreement was signed on providing for a Dornier aircraft and an Advanced Llight Helicopter DHRUV on lease to Mauritius on a gratis basis for 2 years.
  • This will help in the country’s capabilities to patrol and monitor its vast maritime domain more effectively.

Other agreements 

  • Setting up of a renal transplant unit at the Jawaharlal Nehru hospital in Mauritius with Indian support
  • To help Mauritius in completing its INDC target to generate 35% of total energy from renewable resources by 2050 under Paris agreement, india will create an 8 MW solar farm in Mauritius
  • MOU signed regarding consumer protection.
  • India gave 100,00 doses of COVID vaccines to the country. Previously, india have delivered a consignment of 1 lakh doses to Mauritius.

About Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA)

  • It is a kind of free trade pact that aims to provide an institutional mechanism to encourage and improve trade between the two countries.
  • Under this agreement, countries reduce or eliminate the duties on the products. The countries also give relaxation in the norms to promote the services trade.
  • The CECPA between India and Mauritius covers 310 export items for India, including food stuff and beverages (80 lines), agricultural products (25 lines), textile and textile articles (27 lines), base metals and articles thereof (32 lines), electricals and electronic item (13 lines), plastics and chemicals (20 lines), wood and articles thereof (15 lines), and others.
  • Mauritius will benefit from preferential market access into India for its 615 products, including frozen fish, speciality sugar, biscuits, fresh fruits, juices, mineral water, beer, alcoholic drinks, soaps, bags, medical and surgical equipment, and apparel.

Benefits of CECPA |India Mauritius Defence Relations

  • Benefit to India:
    • Indian service providers will have access to around 115 sub-sectors from the 11 broad service sectors, such as professional services, computer related services, research & development, other business services, etc.
    • Over 300 domestic goods from agriculture, textiles, electronics and other sectors will get market access at concessional customs duties in Mauritius.
  • Benefit to Mauritius:
    • It will benefit from preferential market access into India for its 615 products, including speciality sugar, beer, alcoholic drinks, frozen fish, juices,biscuits, fresh fruits, soaps,mineral water, bags, medical and surgical equipment, and apparel.
    • India has offered around 95 sub-sectors from the 11 broad services sectors, R&D, including professional services, other business services, telecommunication, environmental, health, etc.

India- Mauritius Relations Background

  • The relationship between Mauritius and India dates back to the early 1730s when artisans were brought from Puducherry and Tamil Nadu.
  • Diplomatic relations between India and Mauritius were established in 1968. Mauritius maintained contacts with India through successive Dutch, French and British occupation.
  • Around 68 percent of Mauritius’s total population of over 1.2 million are people of Indian origin. Most of them are descendants of indentured labour taken from India between 1834 and the early decades of the 20th century.
  • Following Mauritius’ independence on March 12, 1968, the first Prime Minister and the Father of the Mauritian Nation Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam accorded centrality to India in Mauritius’ foreign policy.
  • Subsequently, successive Mauritian leaders ensured that India occupies a position of significance and importance in the foreign policy orientation and activities of Mauritius.

Previous Bilateral Agreements Between India And Mauritius

  • Double Taxation Avoidance Convention (DTAC-1982),
  • Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPA-1998),
  • MoU on Air Services (2005),
  • Supply Contract for the Coastal Radar Surveillance System (2009),
  • Agreement on Early Warning of Coastal Hazards (2010),
  • MoU on Science and Technology Cooperation (2012)
  • MoU on Cooperation in Ocean Economy (2015) etc.

Strategic Significance of Mauritius for India

  • In 2015, the Indian Prime Minister signed an agreement to set up eight Indian-controlled coastal surveillance radar stations
  • Mauritius is part of India’s security grid including Coastal Surveillance Radar (CSR) station of Indian Navy’s National Command Control Communication Intelligence network
  • if Delhi takes an integrated view of its security cooperation in the southwestern Indian Ocean, Mauritius is the natural node for it.


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