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India Assumes UNSC Presidency

India Assumes UNSC Presidency

Why in news?

  • Recently, India assumed the presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the month of August 2021.
  • This will be the country’s first presidency during its 2021-22 tenure as a non-permanent member of the Security Council.
  • India began its two-year tenure as a non-permanent member of the UNSC in January 2021.
  • This is India’s eighth term on the UNSC.

About Security Council Presidency

  • The presidency of the Council is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the English alphabetical order of the Member States names.
  • It rotates among the 15 member-states of the council monthly.
  • The head of the country’s delegation is known as the President of the United Nations Security Council.
  • The president serves to coordinate actions of the council, decide policy disputes, and sometimes functions as a diplomat or intermediary between conflicting groups.

India’s agenda during its Presidency

During its Presidency, India will be organizing high-level signature events in three major areas:

  • Maritime security
  • Peacekeeping and
  • Counterterrorism

Challenges for India at UNSC:

  • China Challenge: India is entering the UNSC at a time when Beijing is asserting itself at the global stage much more vigorously than ever. It heads at least six UN organisations and has challenged the global rules.
  • China’s aggressive behaviour in the Indo-Pacific as well as the India-China border has been visible in all of 2020. China has tried to raise the issue of Kashmir at the UNSC.
  • Post Covid World Order: As the global economy is in shambles with various countries facing recession and health emergencies.
  • Balancing USA and Russia and Unstable West Asia: With the situation deteriorating between the US and Russia and increasing tensions between US and Iran, it will be a tough situation to handle for India.                                                      India Assumes UNSC Presidency
  • India needs to uphold rule based world order with due respect to human rights ensuring the national interest.

About UNSC

  • The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
  • The Security Council has the power to make decisions that member states are then obligated to implement under the Charter.
  • Permanent and Non-Permanent Members: The UNSC is composed of 15 members, 5 permanent and 10 non-permanent.
  • Each year, the General Assembly elects five non-permanent members for a two-year term.

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