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INDEPTH Paris rule book UNFCCC | 37th Current Affairs Class | IAS 2019

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In short, Paris Agreement is an international agreement to combat climate change. From 30 November to 11 December 2015, the governments of 195 nations gathered in Paris, France, and discussed a possible new global agreement on climate change, aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus reduce the threat of dangerous climate change. The 32-page Paris agreement with 29 articles is widely recognized as a historic deal to stop global warming.

Aims of Paris Agreement

As countries around the world recognized that climate change is a reality, they came together to sign a historic deal to combat climate change – Paris Agreement. The aims of Paris Agreement is as below:

Keep the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level.

Pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

Strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change.

It may seem a small change in temperature but this can mean a big difference for the Earth!

Paris Agreement: Things to note

In French, the Paris Agreement is known as L’accord de Paris.

The key vision of Paris Agreement is to keep global temperatures “well below” 2.0C (3.6F) above pre-industrial times and “endeavour to limit” them even more, to 1.5C. Paris Accord talks about limiting the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by human activity to the same levels that trees, soil and oceans can absorb naturally, beginning at some point between 2050 and 2100.

It also mentions the need to review each country’s contribution to cutting emissions every five years so they scale up to the challenge.

Rich countries should help poorer nations by providing “climate finance” to adapt to climate change and switch to renewable energy.

The Paris Agreement has a ‘bottom up’ structure in contrast to most international environmental law treaties which are ‘top down.

The agreement is binding in some elements like reporting requirements, while leaving other aspects of the deal such as the setting of emissions targets for any individual country as non-binding.

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