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Earth Day

  • The Earth Day is an annual event celebrated across the world on April 22. Its celebration is coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network.
  • In 1969, at a UNESCO Conference in San Francisco, the peace activist John McConnell proposed a day to honour Earth and the concept of peace, the first to be celebrated on 21st March 1970, the first day of spring in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • This day was later sanctioned at the United Nations. A month later, a separate Earth Day was founded by the US Senator Gaylord Nelson on 22nd April 1970.
  • Numerous communities celebrate Earth Week, an entire week of activities focussed on the environmental issues that the world faces.

Earth Hour       

  • The Earth Hour is a worldwide movement organised by the WWF.
  • The event is held annually, encouraging individuals, communities, households and businesses to turn off their non-essential lights for one hour, from 8:30 to 9:30 p.m., as a symbol for their commitment to the planet.                        IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL EVENTS TO PROTECT ENVIRONMENT
  • It was started as a lights-off event in Sydney, Australia, in 2007. Since then, it has grown to engage more than 7,000 cities and towns across 172 countries worldwide.
  • Every year, the event begins at Sydney’s Opera House and Bridge, Australia.

International Day of Biological Diversity

  • The United Nations has proclaimed May 22 as the International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues.
  • The UN General Assembly adopted May 22 as IDB, to commemorate the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
  • Earlier, IDB was celebrated on December 29, each year.
  • The IDB was changed because it was difficult for many countries to plan and carry out suitable celebrations on December 29, given the number of holidays that coincide around that time of the year.

World Environment Day

  • The World Environment Day (WED) that falls on June 5 every year, is the United Nation’s principal vehicle for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment.                                            IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL EVENTS TO PROTECT ENVIRONMENT
  • First held in 1974, the WED has grown to become a global platform.
  • The WED was designated by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of United Nations Conference on the Human Environment.
  • Two years later, in 1974 the first WED was held with the theme ‘Only One Earth’. Each year, WED has a new theme.

International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer

  • In 1994, the UN General Assembly proclaimed September 16 as the International Day for the preservation of the ozone layer, commemorating the date of the signing, in 1987, of the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer.                              IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL EVENTS TO PROTECT ENVIRONMENT

International Day of Forests

  • The International Day of Forests was established on March 21, by the resolution of the United Nations General Assembly in 2012.
  • Each year, various events celebrate and raise awareness of the importance of all types of fug: its and trees outside forests, for the benefit of current and future generations.
  • The Secretariat of the United Nations Forum on Forests, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organisation, fadlitates the implementation of such events in collaboration with governments and various organisations.                                          IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL EVENTS TO PROTECT ENVIRONMENT
  • International Day of Forests was observed for the first time on 21st March 2013.

World Habitat Day

  • World Habitat Day is observed every year on the first Monday of October throughout the world.
  • It was officially designated by the United Nations and first celebrated in 1986.                            IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL EVENTS TO PROTECT ENVIRONMENT
  • The purpose of the day is to reflect on the state of our cities and towns and the basic human rights to adequate shelter.
  • It also aims to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the habitat of future generations.

Environment & Biodiversity

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