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Impact of Portuguese in Indian History

Impact of Portuguese in Indian History


The Portuguese established a royal monopoly over certain goods as horses, arms and ammunition and spices to the exclusion of rival nations in Europe and Asia and also private Portuguese traders.

In 1570, Ali Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur alongwith Nizam Shah of Ahmednagar and the Zamorin of Calicut attempted to oust the Portuguese.  Impact of Portuguese in Indian History

The Turks, in alliance with Bahadur Shah, ruler of Gujarat, tried to turn Portuguese out of India.

In 1531, the Portuguese attacked Daman and Diu. The Ottoman commander Rumi Khan repulsed the attack. However, the Portuguese built a fort at Chaul lower down the coast.  Impact of Portuguese in Indian History

The Nizam Shah besieged Chaul and Ali Adil Shah personally let the attack against Goa, but the Portuguese proved to be too strong. Even, Akbar who came into contact with the Portuguese in the course of Gujarat expedition in 1572-73, granted some concessions to the Portuguese.

Portuguese Impact

  • Ended monopoly of Arabs in trade of spices and horses in the Indian Ocean. They manipulated trade in their favour. They opened up new markets for Indian products, such as in Western Europe and South America. They tied India to other Asian markets such as Indonesia and Japan.
  • They introduced crops such as potato. tobacco, pineapple. corn into India.
  • They put a ban on shipbuilding in Surat but encouraged ship building in Cochin
  • Technologies for printing and clock making were introduced in Goa
  • Portuguese prepared an index of medicinal plants in India.
  • They converted the locai populace ot Goa to Cnnstianity and changed the ethnicity or Goa
  • They enriched languages such as Konkarii, Maratha They popularized bungalow type of buildings.
  • Western music, dance, cuisine were also introduced        Impact of Portuguese in Indian History


Medieval History

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